5 Causes Of T-Wave Abnormality

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5 Causes Of T-Wave Abnormality



T wave is basically the diagrammatically representation of ventricular polarization called electrocardiography.  The structure of a T wave is like slight inverted upward stroke that follow a peak generated by R and S waves. One heart beat is represented in form of Q, R, S and T wave.

The abnormality in T waves may be indicated by longer, flatter or higher peaks in the diagram. The measurement of heart beat in such a way makes it possible to diagnose heart related problems easily. If you are suffering from any heart related disease, the electrocardiogram will show an abnormality in the T wave. In this write up we will discuss various causes of abnormality in T wave measurement.



T-Wave Abnormality Causes

Myocardial Contusion

Myocardial Contusion

This is a scientific term for bruising and injury of cardiac muscles. The most common reasons behind Myocardial contusion are injuries sustained in a automobile accident, falling trauma or any other accident which has a bearing on chest and ribs. Depending on the extent of trauma, it can be very serious and in some cases fatal as well.

There is also a great chance of damage to valves and general functionality of heart in this condition. Complete clinical tests are required for diagnosing this condition but the first step is to record an electrocardiography. Meta Analysis and histography can help in diagnosing this condition.

Digoxin Effect

Digoxin is an extract of a plant which is widely used in treating the heart ailments like atrial flutter, atrial fibrilation, congestive heart failure etc. Digoxin works by reducing the ventricular rate which improves the pumping. The effect of this medication can show abnormality in T wave as it records the ventricular re polarization.

Digoxin Effect

Digoxin is mostly given orally and through IV but our body takes longer time to wash it out from the body. Digoxin is no longer a popular medicine among the doctors because toxicity is very common among the digoxin users. Very little excess administration of this drug can cause toxicity. This is why heart beat and function is closely monitored after giving this medicine to patient.


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Myocarditis

Myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart muscles owing to infection. It is caused by an auto immune response to certain drugs and medications. The outcome and symptoms of this condition also vary widely. In some cases it may resolve by itself or cause pain whereas in some cases heart attack or fatality can also take place depending on the damage caused by infection.

Myocarditis

Microbes that are known to cause Myocarditis are Parvovirus, Borrelia Burgdorferi, Coxsackievirus or streptococcal. Palpitation leading to Arrhythmia causes abnormality in T waves which helps in diagnosing this condition.

Central Nervous System Disease 

Nervous system is the base machinery that helps in proper functioning of our body. Therefore, it is apparent that existence of a condition related to nervous system can adversely affect the heart functioning. These diseases are known to cause birth defects called congenital heart diseases.

CNS disease is also known to cause heart failure, arrhythmia and coronary artery diseases. CNS is the leading cause of strokes that can put undue pressure on the cardiac functioning leading to atrial Fibrillation.

Central Nervous System Disease

Myocardial Ischemia

This condition involves blockage of blood flow to heart muscles. This may be a partial or severe blockage. Partial blockage reduces the heart’s ability to pump the blood and may or may not show any visible symptoms. Severe blockages can cause heart attack and are nearly fatal.

Nausea, breathlessness, pressure and pain around chest and shoulder is widely reported in patients of Myocardial Ischemia. The treatment of this condition include open or bypass surgery, medication or angioplasty. All the medical procedures are coupled with lifestyle changes.

Myocardial Ischemia

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