The worn out bone cells are replaced by new cells to maintain the normal density of the bones. The bone mineral density declines when the creation of new bone cells cannot keep pace with the rapid destruction of the bone cells. This condition is known as osteoporosis.Osteoporosis makes the bones brittle, thereby increasing the risk of fractures. Older adults, especially postmenopausal women, are most vulnerable to osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related fractures.The goal of osteoporosis treatment is to arrest loss of bone mineral density and strengthen the bones with medications and herbal therapies.
Options for Treating Osteoporosis
Treating calcium and vitamin D deficiencies helps to improve the bone mineral density. If you are not getting sufficient calcium through diet, you can take calcium supplements to meet your optimum calcium requirement. Osteoporosis patients require 1200 to 1500 mg of calcium daily.Vitamin D is needed for improving absorption of calcium and transportation of calcium to the bones. About 600 to 800 International Units of vitamin D is needed daily for treating osteoporosis.
Bisphosphonates are the most commonly used medications for treating osteoporosis. They work by inducing formation of new bone cells and slowing down bone turnover. Bisphosphonate drugs used for treatment include alendronate, risedronate and ibandronate. The drugs can work properly only in the presence of optimum serum levels of vitamin D and calcium.Various doses of bisphosphonate drugs are used for treatment. Your doctor may recommend a large weekly or monthly dose of a biphosphonate medication. Side effects of oral bisphosphonates include abdominal pain, gas, diarrhea or constipation, bloating and esophagus ulcers. To prevent adverse reactions of oral bisphosphonate drugs, you may take bisphosphonate injections.
Calcitonin is a type of hormone that transports calcium to the bones. It can work efficiently only when sufficient calcium and vitamin D is present in the body. Calcitonin is injected daily or once in every 48 hours for a limited period. It is also available in the form of nasal spray.
Parathyroid Hormone Derivative
By regulating transportation of calcium to the bones, parathyroid hormone medications increase creation of new bones. Parathyroid hormone derivatives are injected daily for a limited period.
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Osteoporosis that begins after menopause can be treated with estrogen replacement therapy. The hormone estrogen plays a role in preventing loss of bone mass.However, given the risk of long-term ingestion of hormone pills, therapy with estrogen is recommended for a short time. Men with osteoporosis may benefit from testosterone replacement therapy.
Tinospora cordifolia is an herbaceous vine, recommended in Ayurveda for treating osteoporosis. According to studies, by supporting growth and development of osteoblasts or cells that promote bone formation and improving mineralization of bones, Tinsopora cordifolia helps to improve bone mineral density.The estrogen-like effect of Panax notoginseng plays an important role in preventing and treating osteoporosis. It is used as an herbal remedy for osteoporosis in traditional Chinese medicine. Saponins present in Panax notoginseng supports growth and differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells that helps to improve the mineral density of the bones.The seeds of Cuscuta chinensis, a plant native to eastern Asia, are widely used in the traditional medicines of Korea and China for treating osteoporosis. The effectiveness of the herbal remedy in stimulating mineralization of bone by inducing oesteoblastic bone growth has been observed in scientific studies.
Fennel seeds can be used as herbal remedy for postmenopausal osteoporosis. This herb works by inhibiting osteoclast differentiation. Osteoclast is a bone cell that by removing the mineralized matrix of the bone tissues, reduce the bone mineral density. Osteoporosis occurs when the rate of differentiation of osteoclasts is higher than the rate of proliferation of osteoblasts or cells that induce bone growth.Polyphenols found in green tea, especially epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), can be used for improving bone mass. By suppressing the activity of osteoclasts, EGCG delays loss of bone minerals. Moreover, the antioxidant effect of the green tea catechins protects the osteoblasts from oxidative damage.
Caution: Please use Home Remedies after Proper Research and Guidance. You accept that you are following any advice at your own risk and will properly research or consult healthcare professional.