Inflammation of the bronchi or the airways in the lungs and the windpipe is called bronchitis. Infection of the upper respiratory tract is the most common cause of bronchitis. Inflammation of the bronchi can also be triggered by inhalation of irritants such as dust, smoke or chemicals.Although people of all ages can develop bronchitis, the risk of developing chronic or severe bronchitis is higher in older adults, smokers, people who are exposed to irritants for a prolonged period and individuals with impaired immune function. The goal of bronchitis treatment is treating the inflammation of the airways and improving airflow through the lungs.As viral infections are associated with majority of cases of bronchitis, medications are rarely needed for treating the infection. The breathing difficulties and coughing triggered by the lung infection can be treated with bronchodilators and expectorants. Home remedies are often effective in treating the symptoms of bronchitis.
Different Ways of Treating Bronchitis
Drink Plenty of Fluid
Water helps to thin the mucus clogging the airways. The thinner the mucus, the easier is it to cough up the mucus and eliminate it from the lungs, thereby clearing the airways naturally.
A number of natural treatments help to alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. Honey is a popular natural expectorant that can be taken instead of a pharmacological expectorant. The expectorant effect of ginger can help to thin the mucus and clear the congestion in the airways. Drinking several cups of hot ginger tea several times a day provides relief from the symptoms of bronchitis. Citrus fruit juices are also considered beneficial for bronchitis patients. These rich sources of vitamin C stimulate the natural healing mechanism of the lungs by strengthening the immune system. Garlic, onion and hot peppers are common natural expectorants that can be taken to clear the congested bronchi.
A number of herbs with antimicrobial property can treat the symptoms of bronchitis. According to scientific studies, herbs that can be used in treatment for bronchitis include Echinacea, ginseng, peppermint, South African geranium, lobelia and andrographis.
Inhaling Warm Moist Air
Inhaling steam is a popular natural treatment for clearing the congested airways. Adding few drops of essential oils of eucalyptus, lavender, jasmine, tea tree, myrrh, bergamot or sweet fennel to hot water and inhaling the vapor helps to alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis.
Antibiotics are used only when a bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract triggers bronchitis. However, antibiotics will not work when a viral infection causes inflammation of the airways.
When bronchitis causes difficulty in breathing, bronchodilators are used to ease breathing. Bronchodilators are medications that work by opening the airways. They are classified into three groups – anticholinergics, beta-agonists and theophylline. These medications are either inhaled or taken orally.
Corticosteroids are usually inhaled and occasionally taken orally to reduce inflammation of the bronchi. They are usually recommended for people with chronic bronchitis with moderate to severe breathing problems or COPD.
Homeopathic medications can effectively treat the symptoms of bronchitis. Bryonia is a widely used homeopathic medicine for bronchitis. Phosphorous, ipecacuanha and aconitum are usually effective at the early stage of bronchitis. At the advanced stage of bronchitis hepar sulphuricam and antimonium tartaricum can be used for treatment.
Caution: Please use Home Remedies after Proper Research and Guidance. You accept that you are following any advice at your own risk and will properly research or consult healthcare professional.