Osteoarthritis (OA) is a form of degenerative arthritis which is essentially a mechanical dysfunction characterized by joint degradation. The symptoms of this condition include joint effusion, locking, stiffness, pain and tenderness. There is no known cure for OA but most treatments focus on regaining joint mobility and relieving the affiliated pain.
The 5 ways to treat arthritis osteoarthritis are medication, surgery, physiotherapy, orthotics and lifestyle modifications. Let us read about them in detail.
Tips On How To Treat Arthritis Osteoarthritis
The treatment mainstay for OA is lifestyle modification. This encompasses practicing healthy eating style (a lot of calcium and phosphorous intake to strengthen bones).
Furthermore, avoiding activities such as alcoholism and smoking that are etiologies to joint inflammation is essential. Lifestyle modification ensures self-management in a cost effective approach to reduce pains and stiffness. Statistics show that these methods are 20% effective.
Essentially, this treatment entails doing controlled and moderated exercise. The focus of this undertaking is facilitating functional improvement and pain reduction. In most cases, these therapies occur in combination with other treatments. Evidence based clinical trials also approve of this method of treatment but have inconclusive reports. Physical measures in OA therapy include balance and gait training to address the resultant impairments.
The joint dysfunctions in OA often apply orthoses techniques in the form of insoles, braces and splints to reduce pain and improve mobility.
This method involves the use of devices to modify the functional and structural characteristics in the skeletal and neuromuscular systems. This is primarily for ankle, knee and foot arthritis. This has been proven through scientific experiments carried out in a year’s period.
Various classifications of drugs can be used to manage OA. In cases of extreme pain, narcotics particularly those with codeine can be used as analgesics. The danger with these strong medicines is the risk of dependence. NSAIDs and OTC analgesics can be used to relieve pains though their diverse and multifaceted side effects pose the dangers of adverse reactions.
Other medications to control OA include steroids such as glucocorticoids, topical capsaicin and hyaluronic acid. All these focus on pain relieve and joint functionality. Other alternative medicines in use include omega-3 supplements, turmeric and ginger. These are not ascertained to be specific for OA using clinical experiments but rather through speculation.
Glucosamine supplements and acupuncture also have been used since the antique to treat joint inflammation particularly in Chinese traditional medicine. They are also recommended by the OARSI (Osteoarthritis Research Society International) to manage this condition.
This procedure occurs in two approaches: bone realigning and joint resurfacing (addition of eroded cartilage) and replacement (excision of malfunctioned joint).
Bone realignment occurs through osteotomy where bones are cuts to realign the inflamed region. Similarly, joint replacement can transpire through arthroplasty then support through prostheses in the form of metal and plastic devices. These procedures put individuals in the risk of blood clotting malfunctions and infections.
They are five main ways to manage OA. All these are not definitive treatments of OA but reduce its affiliated symptoms particularly pains and joint stiffness.