A normal menstruation in females ensures the normal functioning and good condition of the reproductive organ. Normally the length of menstrual cycle varies from 24 days to 32 days and the menstruation is said to be normal if it occurs within this range. However, a menstruation beyond this range can be considered as an abnormal menstruation.
It is an important part of reproductive system in females and mucus membrane covering the cavity inside womb is mainly responsible for menstruation to occur. Menstruation is important to understand because an abnormal menstruation causes physical and mental stress in women. Your cycle may occur as early as 24 days from your previous date or as late as 32 days but prior to 24 days and later to 32 days can be considered to be an abnormality in menstruation and should be checked with a doctor.
Abnormalities associated with menstruation can be different such as increase in the menstrual cycle, decrease in the menstrual cycle or irregularities in it. The length of the menstrual cycle is generally counted from the day bleeding starts to the day next bleeding starts. The actual bleeding period varies from woman to woman and can be as short as 3 day and as long as 7 days. However if your actual bleeding period is more than 7 days or less than 3 days, it should be considered as abnormality and you should consult a doctor.
There are a number of reasons leading to abnormal menstruation. The hormonal disturbance is one of them. Hormonal disease may also disturb the menstrual cycle. Hence, in case you find any abnormality in your menstruation, you are advised to consult a doctor to find the reason and solution.
Absence of menstruation or no menstruation is scientifically termed as Amenorrhea. The reason for amenorrhea can be pregnancy or menopause. If you think that both of these are not a reason in your case, consulting a doctor will be helpful. The scientific term used to excessive menstruation is menorrhagia and is characterized by heavy bleeding during the actual menstrual days. Hormonal imbalance, disturbance in genital tact and other diseases can be a reason for the menorrhagia. Hormonal imbalance in woman may also lead to irregularities in menstrual cycle.