The tissue overgrowth that is seen in the inside wall of uterus which protrudes into the cavity of uterus is termed as uterine polyps. These are also known as endometrial polyps. The polyps are benign while some are malignant. The size of these polyps vary from few millimetres to few centimetres ranging from a sesame seed to a golf ball size.
The polyps are attached to the wall of uterus with the help of a thin stalk. The number of uterine polyps might differ. The polyps normally are present within the uterus while rarely they might also fall off into the uterus cavity and come out into the vagina.
Who Gets Affected By Uterine Polyps?
It is observed that much of uterine polyps are seen in women who are in the menopausal stage or at post-menopausal stage while young women also are susceptible to this problem. Mostly, women at the age between 40 and 50 years are easily affected by uterine polyps. Women below 20 years of age are rarely affected by polyps in uterus.
Causes And Risk Factors Of Uterine Polyps
There are no specific causes that are established to be responsible for the formation of uterine polyps.
It is studied that hormones are to some extent playing role in causing the polyps in uterus. It was observed that uterine polyps were similar to the uterine lining in giving response to the hormone estrogen. Both the lining and polyps of uterus are found to be sensitive to estrogen.
Some of the factors that are found to be responsible for the uterine polyp formation are hypertension, breast cancer drug Tamoxifen, postmenopausal age, peri-menopausal age and obesity.
Symptoms Of Uterine Polyps
This is the common symptom among all other symptoms of uterine polyps. The person suffering from uterine polyps will have irregular menstruation cycle. Some women will have their menstruation periods ranging from four days to seven days.
The usual menstruation cycle will repeat for every 28 days. But, it is considered as normal if the person has the menstruation cycle ranging from 21 days to 35 days. About 50 percent of people who have uterine polyps are observed to have irregular menstruation.
Prolonged Bleeding And Extensive Bleeding
The other symptom is excessive bleeding or unusually intense flow of blood at the time of menstruation. Bleeding is seen between the periods or after the sexual intercourse or after menopause. In 1/4th of the entire cases, polyps in uterus are observed due to abnormal bleeding.
In some cases, it is seen that the women incapable of becoming pregnant or not being able to bear the pregnancy for the entire term may be the symptom of uterine polyps. Elimination of uterine polyps in the women who are experiencing infertility will help them to become pregnant if the polyps are the only problem for their infertility.
Those who are undergoing In-vitro fertilization procedures for getting pregnancy are at higher risk of miscarriage if they have uterine polyps. In this case, polyps have to be removed prior to the embryo transfer.