The connection of the sacrum and the right and left iliac bones forms the sacroiliac (SI) joints. The function of SI joints is to allow the twisting movements when our legs move.
Causes of Sacroiliac pain:
There are a number of causes leading to sacroiliac joint pain
Traumatic Cause: Traumatic injuries to SIJ are caused when a sudden impact causes “jolt” in the joint. Dislocations due to acute trauma, for example, a car accident, may cause severe pain in the region. This kind of injury leads to the damage of ligaments that support the joint.
Biomechanical Cause: Sacroiliac Joint Pain may result from a number of injuries, which usually comes often with increased sport activity. Chronic dynamic bending and twisting are some of the possible causes of pain in this joint. Some of the most common biomechanical problems are:
Leg length discrepancy.
Hormonal Cause: Pregnancy is a common cause of SI Joint dysfunction. During pregnancy, hormones are released in the woman’s body, which allows the ligaments of the pelvis to relax. On top of that, the additional weight and walking pattern related to pregnancy can place additional stress on the spine and SI Joints resulting in pain.
Inflammatory disease in Joints: Since this area is rich in nerve endings, any injury to this area results in severe pain. Spondyloarthropathies are common inflammatory diseases that affect the spine. Besides this, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis is some of the various forms of arthritis that affect SI joints.
Treatment of SI Joint Pain:
There are a number of ways of treating SIJ pain. Some are as follows:
i) Initial ice treatment over the painful area and resting oneself from any activity that cause pain.
ii) In case of surrounding muscles having tightened up, a warm pack will help the muscles to relax.
iii) To reduce pain and irritation of the joints, physiotherapy is often used to increase flexibility.
iv) In severe conditions, Sacroiliac injections are often used to treat pain in this area.
v) One can try wearing sacroiliac belts to reduce stress and pain in the area.
vi) SI pain responding inadequately to the less invasive type of treatment can be treated surgically.