The urinary tract infection, which is commonly referred to as UTI is an infection caused by the bacteria and occurs when the urinary tract is invaded by bacteria. Most of the UTI’s are not very serious.
Due to infection there is burning sensation or pain upon urination. Women are more susceptible to this ailment because they have shorter urinary tract as compared to men. Fortunately, the infection can be easily treated using antibiotics.
Some Of The Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection
UTI is generally caused by Escherichia Coli bacteria. Urine consists of fluids, waste products and salt. Bacteria are usually not present in it. However, when the bacteria enter kidney or the bladder it can quickly reproduce in urine, which leads to urinary tract infection.
The bacteria are present in the vagina or rectum. They enter the tract through urethra. From the urethra, they move in the upward direction causing infection in the tract and bladder.
Reasons For Infection In Women
As mentioned earlier, women are more prone to this infection and one of the common causes for the infection is sexual intercourse. The bacteria present in the vaginal region moves into the urethra during the sexual activity.
Women who frequently have sexual intercourse or change their sexual partners frequently might experience UTI than those who are in a monogamous relationship or celibate.
In some cases, women suffer from this infection whenever they have sex. However, such cases are quite rare. Waiting for a long to urinate is also one of the causes of bladder or urinary tract infection.
When the bladder has to hold urine for a long time the muscle stretches and it contracts, once the urine is passed. If you hold urine for a long time after you first felt the need to urinate will result in stretching the bladder beyond its capacity.
This can weaken the muscle in the bladder over a period of time. The result of this weakened bladder is that it will not completely empty the urine and some of it might be still present in the bladder.
Due to this the risk of bladder or urinary tract infection increases. Diabetes, pregnancy, menopause or if the person had a urinary tract infection as a child are some of the other factors that increase the chances of UTI in women.
The Bacterial Strains Causing Urinary Tract Infection
Staphylococcus Saprophuticus: This strain accounts for almost 5 to 15 percent of infections and is commonly seen in younger women. Escherichia Coli is the bacteria responsible for many of the uncomplicated cystitis in females, especially younger women.
This microorganism is generally harmless and originates in the intestine. In case, it travels to the vaginal opening, it might invade and multiply in the bladder leading to infection. E. Coli usually reaches the vaginal opening, when girls or women wipe themselves from rear to front after sexual activity or after urinating.
Enterococci bacteria, Proteus mirabilis and Klebsiella account for many of the other bacterial strains causing UTI’s. These are usually found in older women. Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma Urealyticum are generally harmless and rarer cause of UTI’s.
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