Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is a type of inherited defect of the heart and enables the flow of blood between the left and the right atria by means of the interatrial septum. Interatrial septum is the tissue to facilitate the separation of the right and the left atria. There are many types of atrial septal defects out of which ostium secundum atrial septal defect is the most familiar form of the atrial septal defect.
Cures to the defect:
Open heart surgery: This surgery is the standard method of closing the atrial septal defects. Open heart surgery is a very popular way of treating the defect and has a very low risk. This surgery has been successfully performed for more than 35 years. The surgeon might be able to directly close the holes with sutures or with a patch depending upon the size and shape of the hole.
Amplatzer Septal Occluder: Many atrial septal defects might be closed by the placement of a device called the Amplatzer Septal Occluder which directly depends upon the size and the area of the septum involved. This device is placed during cardiac catheterization. This device is inserted through a catheter that covers the ASD by attaching to the atrial septum. The benefit of closing the ASD with the Amplatzer device is that it can be placed without stopping the heart or without having to go through the psychological trauma that one experiences in open heart surgery.
Exercise: Usually a person with the atrial septal defect can carry on normal activities and exercises like other persons. However, exercise intolerance is one of the symptoms of ASD. Generally, heart failure complications and pulmonary hypertension restrict some exercises and activities. A cardiologist needs to be consulted before the performance of these activities.
Preventing infection: Sometimes surface of the heart changes due to heart defects and defects in repairing by which the bacteria can become stuck and grow into an infection. Though atrial septal defects are not usually associated with infective endocarditis but if other faults in the heart are there along with ASD then one might require to intake antibiotics prior to certain dental and surgical actions.