Diabetes mellitus is a state where the pancreas cannot create insulin or there is an inadequate quantity of insulin formed. It also refers to that situation wherein the body cells will refuse to accept the effects of insulin in the issue of glucose absorption.
The diabetes mellitus treatment is mainly concerned with the production of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. Its role is to shift the glucose (sugar) from the blood to the fat, muscles and liver cells so that the body can use it as energy. If there is an inequity in the making of the insulin against the quantity of sugar in the body, the consequence is the high level of blood sugar or diabetes.
The aim of the diabetes mellitus treatment is to correct the metabolic abnormality and to stop the growth of complications. It involves the encouragement of healthy diet and exercise habits to manage the blood sugar level. The other medicines required to carry on the healing of the disease will depend as to whether the diabetic is a type I or type 2 victim.
There are mainly three kinds of diabetes namely Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes, which necessitates healing in order to manage the level of blood sugar.
In general diabetes mellitus treatment is conducted by the guidance to the diet, exercise and drug medication or insulin pumps and the injections for the type I. Besides this treatment, the progress of new treatment therapies has been made with the constant studies of this disease. Here are some ways for diabetes mellitus treatment:
a. Pancreatic Islet transplantation
b.The use of the Glycemic Index (GI) of foodstuff as a way to calculate of how each serving of food will elevate the level of blood sugar and to control over blood pressure by keeping away from the foodstuff that can cause its episode.
c.Transplantation of the pancreas
d.Supervise weight so as to develop insulin sensitiveness. A routine exercise should be performed in order to lower the blood sugar level and cholesterol, improve circulation of blood, and reach the best possible weight that has been targeted and to bolster the bones and the heart and to tone up the muscles.
e.Introduction of new drug by the using of synthetic human insulin