The pressure generated when the circulating blood pushes against walls of blood vessels is called blood pressure. In the case of high blood pressure (hypertension), there is high pressure or tension in the arteries.
In this condition the systolic pressure surpasses 140 millimeters of mercury while the diastolic pressure goes above 90. Increase of either systolic or diastolic or both show any possible health problems.
Some of the possible factors that bring about high blood pressure are obesity, aging, sedentary or inactive lifestyle, hereditary factors, diabetes, excess consumption of salt, kidney disease, smoking, consumption of oral contraceptives, high cholesterol levels, frequent consumption of alcohol etc.
However, as this ailment has no clear symptoms, there are lots of people all over the world who are totally unaware whether they have a high blood pressure or not. Dizziness, shortness of breath, blurred vision and frequent headaches are some of the complaints that the sufferers go through if they have hypertension. It is for this very reason that hypertension has been labeled as “silent killer”.
If hypertension is left untreated, it can cause severe health problems like kidney failure, atherosclerosis, stroke, eye damage, heart diseases etc. Diet is thought as one of the best ways of treating the ailment:
The thumb rule of the diet for high blood pressure is the consumption of food with low salt, low sugar as well as no cholesterol. As per many experts, the vegetarian diet is best for the treating of hypertension. Hence, this diet needs to have polyunsaturated fats, excess potassium, magnesium, fiber, calcium as well as both vitamin A and vitamin C.
Salt: Too much salt could get you high blood pressure. Hence consumption of salt should be restricted to 5 grams each day. Canned or packed foods should be consumed in less quantity as they, contain high level of salt.
Fruits and vegetables: These two kinds of foods are thought to aid in the lowering of blood pressure. Fruits that are rich in potassium like bananas, prunes etc, fresh fruits particularly citrus fruits and blue berries, carrots, celery, low dairy products, whole grain cereals etc are useful for combating hypertension.