Do you know that simple symptoms like weakness and increase in weight can be an indication of an underactive thyroid gland? It is a very common disorder especially in women. It is 6-8 times more common in females than in males.
Females need to know more about this disease and its symptoms, so that they can contact their physician early in case they are suffering from similar symptoms.
Hypothyroidism is a disease of the thyroid where the thyroid gland becomes underactive and it secretes less amount of thyroid hormone than is required by the body. This results in a state of low thyroid hormones circulating in the blood.
In hypothyroidism, the basal metabolic rate is decreased. This results in increase in weight even though there is loss of appetite. The peristalsis of intestine becomes slow and it results in constipation.
An enzyme ‘hyaluronidase’ is deposited in the dermis of skin and in other tissues of the body. This gives rise to accumulation of fluid in the tissues, resulting in oedema which pits on pressure. The tongue becomes enlarged and causes the voice to become hoarse. Speech becomes slow.
The blood vessels constrict and hence blood supply to the peripheral parts is reduced which causes intolerance to cold. It also results in loss of hair from the scalp and other body parts and nails become brittle. There is lack of sweating.
Loss of breath is another symptom. The skin loses its normal texture and becomes dry and scaly. Lethargy, weakness, feeling tired and malaise are early symptoms of hypothyroidism. The urine output is decreased.
The female menstrual cycle also gets disturbed and ovulation can be hampered. The menses sometimes do not appear for months due to low thyroid hormones. Sometimes heavy and irregular bleeding can take place. There is discharge of milky fluid from breast due to imbalance in hormones.
Lethargy and weakness is associated with excessive desire to sleep. Mentally there is slowness in comprehension. Due to action on kidneys, the urine output is reduced. If you have any of combination of symptoms mentioned above, you need to visit a physician to diagnose the condition. Good quality drugs are available which can control the disease and cure you of all the symptoms.