Female genital mutilation (FGM) or female circumcision is a process involving partial or total elimination of external female genitalia or other injury to female genital organs; the reason being due to cultural, religious and other non-therapeutic reasons. This is usually done on the minor girls and the consent of the parents is taken as the girl is not totally grown-up to give her own decision in this regard.
Facts about the health of female circumcision:
Intentional injury: Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes a procedure where an intentional alteration is done or damage is caused to the female genital organs without any medical reasons.
Complications: Immediately, after female circumcision, the girls tend to bleed and can become infected. She has also a difficulty in urinating and can face potential child birth complexity and new born deaths.
Psychological problems: The women gone through FGM faces shock and many psychological problems. Circumcision might leave a lasting mark on the life and mind of the women. They might frequently experience flashbacks and may even feel incomplete. They can also suffer from depression and anxiety in the long run.
Diseases and death: The women going through this procedure experiences trauma, shock and can get infected as they tend to bleed profusely after the circumcision. They are also susceptible to HIV/ AIDS. The infection and blood loss can even cause death to the girl who has gone through female circumcision.
Number of lives affected: An approximation of 110 million girls and women internationally currently exist with the penalty of female circumcision. In South Africa alone, around 90 million girls between the age of 10 and 15 have gone through this trauma.
Age / ways of circumcision: The circumcision is mainly done to the girls in between infancy and before attaining the age of 15. It is even carried out at the age of 3 and same razor blades, kitchen knives, scissors and even pieces of glass are used on more than one girl, which often leads to infection and even deaths. Anesthesia is hardly used in these cases.
This barbaric act (FGM) is internationally or universally recognized as a violation of human rights of girls and women and should be discontinued with immediate effect throughout the world.