Urinary tract is the body’s straining system for the elimination of liquid wastes. Normally, urine is a healthy bladder that is free of bacteria. As women have a shorter urinary tract, they are more vulnerable to the bacterial infection that in general comes from rectal area, through the urethra and attacks the bladder, which is located at a short distance. Though, generally, the bladder cleanses itself from the bacteria, if for some reason, or the other it cannot be cleaned, the bacteria present in the bladder might cause the infection.Symptoms of urinary tract infection:
The urinary tract infection (UTI) can be due to a multiplicity of the situation like infection of the bladder (cystitis) and infection of the urethra (urethritis). Vaginitis and irritable bladder (same as irritable bowel disorder) might also produce the same symptoms. The common symptoms of urinary tract infection are as follows:
Recurrent and insistent need to urinate.
Lower back or abdominal pain.
Blood in urine.
Causes of UTI:
The most common cause of UTI is the bacteria from the bowel that lives on the skin near the rectum or in the vagina. Besides this, sexual intercourse, change of sexual partners or who are new to the sexual intercourse, birth control methods, low water intake, anatomical problem, waiting too long to urinate, menopause, urinary tract infection or bladder infection as a child, pregnancy, and diabetes are some of the factors that are responsible for the urinary tract infection.
Remedies of UTI:
There are some remedies which if followed properly can prevent UTI. One has to drink lots of water in order to flush out the bacteria present in the urinary tract. Wiping the area from the vagina to the anus after urinating and after a bowel movement also helps in prevention of the spreading of bacteria. Again one must not hold back urine. Frequent bathroom breaks help in preventing urinary tract infection.
Intake of cranberry juice and vitamin C helps in preventing UTI. Taking showers instead of baths, washing the genitals before and after sexual intercourse, drinking lots of water after sex, which helps in the flushing of bacteria that might have entered, etc., are some simple yet effective ways of preventing UTI.
Avoiding tight clothing and putting on cotton panties helps the moisture to escape which otherwise could be a breeding ground for the bacteria.