The cancer that begins in the plasma cells of the bone marrow is called as multiple myeloma. This cancer initiates in the blood cells of the bone marrow.
Since this ailment affects many bones, this disease is known as multiple myeloma. This disease is mainly found in between 60-70 years of age while it rarely occurs below 30 years of age and is more common among the males. In fact, multiple myeloma is the malignant disarray of the plasma cells. Before we divulge the details of multiple myeloma treatment, let’s take a look at the causes and symptoms of the ailment.
Causes: Antibodies are the proteins that are produced by the plasma cells. The work of these antibodies is to help the immune system of the body to fight the diseases. With the occurrence of multiple myeloma, the plasma cells grow out of boundaries within the bone marrow, resulting in the formation of the tumors in the region of the solid bone. With the formation of these tumors, it becomes difficult for the bone marrow to continue with its production of RBC (red blood corpuscles), WBC (white blood corpuscles) as well as platelets. This results in anemia where a person is more likely to get infected. The cancer cells within the bone marrow grow continuously leading to the pain and damage of the bones. The nerves might be distressed if the spine is affected by multiple myeloma that can ultimately result in paralysis or numbness.
Symptoms: Pain in the back or bone, frequent infections, repeated fevers, unexplained fractured bones, weight loss, weakness of legs and arms, nausea, constant urination, nausea, anemic symptoms like fatigue, tiredness, shortness of breath, feeling very thirsty, constipation, bleeding problems, etc. are some of the symptoms of multiple myeloma.
Multiple myeloma Treatment: The aim of the treatment is to evade problems, lessen symptoms and prolonged existence. Chemotherapy is the widespread treatment for myeloma. Besides chemotherapy, radiology helps in the harming of the abnormal cells and stops their progress with the help of radiation from the x-rays. This is a vital treatment as it helps to treat bone tumor as well as relieves the pain of the bones.