Female Sexual Dysfunction: Know the Causes

Sexual dysfunction is often considered a problem for the male of the human species and it is also the subject often talked about when talking about sexual health. But the women are sufferers too. And their suffering often goes unnoticed or is taken for granted. Thus, erectile dysfunction often hogs the limelight while problems like vaginismus and female orgasmic disorder take the back bench.

Female sexual dysfunction or FSD is categorized into 4 groups –
1.    Sexual pain disorders (dyspareunia)
2.    Hypoactive sexual desire disorder
3.    Female sexual arousal disorder
4.    Female orgasmic disorder

These disorders have various characteristics. The woman can be carrying them lifelong or could have acquired them.  The disorder may be situational or generalized. These problems can be the symptoms of other serious disorders like endocrine malfunction, genitourinary problems, neurological problems, depression, or general bad health. The problem with FSD is that the physicians often find it hard to diagnose as there are no proper diagnostic tests available. Moreover, women are generally reluctant to get such conditions tested or seek medical help to improve their sex life.

There are several causes that can lead to female sexual dysfunction. One of these is heart diseases. Proper flow of blood in the genital areas is as important in women as in men. Improper blood flow might result in decrease in desire, arousal, orgasm and also lack of lubrication leading to painful intercourse. Similarly high blood pressure and the medication used to control it can dry out the vaginal area and cause pain. Those women who have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery have almost always reported sexual arousal disorder.

Another common cause of FSD is the metabolic syndrome. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is such a syndrome affecting women. The result is lesser sexual satisfaction, arousal, orgasm and even improper genital lubrication.

Menopause has for long been termed as one of the main reasons for Female Sexual Dysfunction. But studies have shown that women beyond the post menopausal age remain sexually active too and often reasons other than menopause put an end to their sexual activity. These are decline in muscle tone, joint and muscular pain, arthritis, hypertension, diabetes, etc.  Two other factors that can diminish such activity are lack of partners and reduced privacy.

Why so much worry about sex? Because, it has been detected that a healthy sex life can lead to overall good health.