Diverticulitis happens when bulging and small pouches, in the digestive tract, known as “Diverticula” become inflamed and infected. The infection is caused due to foods that may get trapped in these small pouches leading to abdominal pain sometimes accompanied by vomiting and nausea. A specified diet may prevent or treat diverticulitis very well. It will also give your digestive system little rest.
Foods To Eat With Diverticulitis
If you are suffering from severe diverticulitis, go for a liquid diet as a treatment to diverticulitis. Your diet should include fruit juices, water, ice pops, coffee or tea without cream, plain water, plain gelatin and broth. After having a liquid diet for few days you may gradually move to a regular diet.
It is advised to begin with a low-fiber diet initially comprising of meat, poultry, white bread, eggs, fish and dairy products. Also include cooked fruits without the seeds or the skin. Also have fruit juices except applesauce, banana, apricots, grapes, peaches and watermelon.
For a low-fiber diet avoid dried and raw fruits such as berries and raisins. Amongst vegetables you may have beets, beans, lettuce, mushrooms, green or red pepper, potatoes without the skin and squash. Oily fish and tender meat are high in Omega 3 which helps to ease inflammation in the intestine.
Two servings of skimmed milk are allowed per day. However, avoid fats such as margarines and butter. Use extra virgin olive oil, peanut oil, canola or avocado oil as they are very light on the intestine. Then, you may introduce a high-fiber diet.
Benefits Of Fiber In Diverticulitis
Studies have revealed that fiber helps the stools to pass more easily through the colon, adds bulks and even softens the stools. Fiber also eases the pressure in your digestive tract. Foods high in fiber help to control the symptoms of diverticulitis.
Therefore, include at least 25 to 30 grams of fiber in your diet. Whole grains, cereals, pastas, black beans, kidney beans, fresh fruits such as pears, apples, prunes, and vegetables such as potatoes, spinach, squash and peas are all fiber rich foods. A high fiber diet is very beneficial for diverticular disease. You may also take fiber supplement known as “Metamucil” daily.
Increase The Intake Of Fluid
Patients undergoing a high fiber diverticulitis diet should also increase the intake of fluid. Drink at least 3 pints (1.5 liters) of water daily. Fluid helps the insoluble fiber to form stools that get passed easily.
Food You Should Avoid
It is advised by the doctors to avoid foods that are hard to digest. Patients with diverticulitis should avoid all types of seeds such as corn, nuts and popcorn. These foods might get stuck in your diverticula and cause inflammation. However, recent researches do not support this fact. So, the seeds present in tomatoes, cucumbers, raspberries and strawberries may be included in the diet for diverticulitis. For a better and structured diet plan, consult your doctor.
Diet Tips To Follow
Eat raw vegetables, dried or raw fruits as much as possible. Peeling, chopping, processing and cooking may reduce the fiber content. Do not continue liquid diet for longer time as it may cause weakness or other complications.