Fowl cholera is an infectious, serious and widely dispersed ailment that affects both the domestic as well as the wild birds. This disease is also called avian cholera and is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida.
Fowl cholera is found to occur commonly among water fowl, chicken and turkeys. This contagious disease was first recognized by Louis Pasteur in the year 1880. The ailment can vary from acute septicemia to chronic and localized infection along with high morbidity and death rate.
The continually contaminated birds are regarded as to be the chief source of infectivity. Distribution of Pasteurella multocida bacteria within a collect of birds is principally caused by the exudates from the mouth, conjunctiva and nose of the dead bird as well as the contaminated soil and people that pollute the surroundings. This is a highly contagious disease and human can get affected with the germ.
Though a number of treatments are available for combating fowl cholera, but prevention is the best cure for any ailment. Excellent management performances are vital for the avoidance of the ailment. Most often, the rodents are the carriers of the Pasteurella multocida bacteria. It is always best to exclude them from the poultry farms.
Adjuvant bacterins are popularly used and have been found to be effective. Some vaccines are also available for management in water that is consumed by the turkeys and by web-wing immunization to chickens. These vaccines have been capable of providing protection to the different serotypes P. multicoda bacteria.
Besides these, a number of antibiotics are also used widely to prevent the ailment. This disease necessitates early handling as well as sufficient dosage. With the help of sensitivity testing, it becomes easier to select effective drugs in treating the ailment. High levels of certain antibiotics in the food, drinking water are particularly useful in combating the ailment.
Sulfas, if used in food and drinking water can control mortality but should used carefully because of its potential toxic qualities. Since there are high chances of the recurring of the ailment with the stopping of the drugs, a long period medication is always vital for combating the disease.