Heart disease also referred to as cardiopathy implies the varied ailments that affect the heart. It is also termed as cardiovascular disease and is caused due to various reasons. Stroke, high blood pressure, building of elevated levels of blood cholesterol, valvular heart ailments, coronary artery disease, cancer,
being overweight, diabetes, obesity, heredity, physical inactivity, stress, age, smoking, high intake of alcohol, sex hormones etc are some of the various causes of heart diseases. Shortness of breath, pain in the chest, headaches, cramping of legs while walking, heart palpitation, dizziness, loss of consciousness are some of the common symptoms of heart ailments.However, the individuals suffering from heart diseases need healthy diet so as to manage the symptoms and also to prevent advanced heart complications.
Here are some of the strategies that one needs to adopt in order to keep the sufferers as healthy as possible:
Vegetables and fruits: Consume plenty of green vegetables and fresh fruits. Both fruits and vegetables are useful for the combating of various heart ailments as they are rich in fiber and low in saturated fats.
Oily and fatty food: It is mandatory for the individuals suffering from heart diseases to stay away from oily, fatty and spicy dishes. These patients must make it a point to remember that the consumption of fatty foods could definitely mean consumption of poison. With the intake of fatty foods, the level of cholesterol increases which in turn obstructs the flow of blood in the arteries which again affects the heart.
Complex carbohydrates: Instead of oily and fatty foods, the patients are required to be provided more foods that are rich in complex carbohydrates. Whole grain breads, whole wheat pasta, sweet potatoes are some of the food that is rich in complex carbohydrates.
Water: Intake large quantities of water. It helps to keep the body hydrated and thereby full of energy. Heart patients need to consume 1-2 liters of water each day.
Less salt: It is always advised to the patients suffering from heart diseases to consume less amount of salt as it helps to control the blood pressure.
Smoking and alcohol: The sufferers need to strictly stay away from both smoking and alcohol.