As the name implies, hay fever is not caused by an allergy to hay and there is no fever. It is caused by allergic reactions to substances floating in the air. Airborne particles like dust, pollen from grass and plants, allergens from fungi and dander shed by pets and animals cause hay fever or allergic rhinitis.
The immune system assumes these harmless particles to be harmful ones and releases certain chemicals that inflame the mucous membranes of the nose, sinuses and throat and cause the common cold like symptoms such as headaches, sneezing, runny nose and congestion in the nose as well as the sinuses.
Often there is intense itching in the nose and throat and the eyes become watery. Hay fever usually affects children and young adults. Some people have mild symptoms but others can suffer to such an extent that they are unable to perform their routine tasks.
Top Home Remedies For Hay Fever
Fish oil is full of omega 3 fatty acids which are potent antioxidants. They remove the harmful free radicals from the body and detoxify it. They also enhance the immune system and help it to function properly.
When the body is exposed to the allergens, these fatty acids inhibit the immune system from releasing the chemicals which set off the inflammatory reaction. A person whose intake of omega 3 fatty acids is high is less likely to be affected by the airborne allergens.
Ginger is rich in antioxidants and has huge anti-inflammatory and antihistaminic properties. It strengthens the immune system and prevents it from functioning erratically. It helps to clear the congestion in the sinuses, nose and throat and provides great relief in the coughing.
It loosens the accumulated phlegm and reduces the itchiness in the nose and throat. Put to boil two cups of water. Grate a big piece of ginger and add it to the boiling water. Boil till only half the water remains. Strain the decoction and add two teaspoons of honey to it. Drink this tea, three times daily.
Green tea has the highest amount of antioxidants which help in eliminating the harmful free radicals and in improving the function of the immune system. It prevents the production of histamine and thus prevents the sufferer from being a victim of hay fever.
Boil a cup of water and steep one teaspoon of green tea into it for ten minutes. Then strain the infusion and drink this tea three times daily.
Chamomile tea is very beneficial in mitigating the symptoms of hay fever. It is rich in anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It soothes and relaxes the inflamed mucous membranes and eases the congestion in the chest and sinuses. Boil a cup of water. Steep a teaspoon of dried chamomile into it for ten minutes. Strain the tea and drink while it is still warm. Drink two to three cups daily.
Eucalyptus oil abounds in anti-inflammatory, analgesic and decongestant properties.
Put a few drops of eucalyptus oil on your handkerchief and keep inhaling it from time to time. The sneezing will stop and the congestion in the nose and sinuses will reduce within no time.