Dysmenorrhea also spelt as dysmenorrhoea is the phenomenon where there is unbearable pain during menstruation. Normally most women experience some amount of pain during the menstruation period however when there is excruciating pain which stops the person from being able to perform normal activities and requires medication to ease the pain then that is diagnosed as dysmenorrhea.
The type of pain Dysmenorrhea can exhibit is varied in nature. The pain can be a shooting pain or it could be a sharp pain. It could be a throbbing pain or a dull pain and normally this would occur a few days before menstruation or sometimes it might also accompany it. As menstruation tapers off it usually subsides. Sometimes during the menstruation when there is heavy loss of blood dysmenorrhea may also accompany it. This phenomenon is known as menorrhagia. If however there are certain disorders or abnormalities present in the uterus which result in pain then this type of dysmenorrhea would be termed as secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed only if there are no disorders or abnormalities found.
To help in the treatment of this disease there are several nutritional supplements available. Most popular among them are magnesium, zinc, vitamin E and vitamin B1. Oral intake of magnesium helps to provide a great deal of relief. Vitamin E has also helps reduce the pain and added to that there is lesser loss of blood.
Other alternative medical practices such as acupuncture and acupressure have also proved that they are effective in reducing the amount of pain.
In order to reduce the pain in an emergency there are a few over the counter medicines which are available such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Also using a hot water bag or a heating pad helps reduce the cramps and the pain especially if one is using over the counter medicines. Since each woman is different there are some who benefit from exercising while there are others from resting. It is important to visit your doctor if the pain is unbearable to determine a suitable action plan and also if the pain is a recurring pain month after month.