Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis. In fact, it is one of the most common STDs which manifest itself without any symptoms in most of the cases.
Chlamydia needs to be identified quickly and treated as it can lead to infertility if left undiagnosed.Since the bacteria lodges itself in the vagina through sexual contact, all sexually active people, especially those with multiple sexual partners need to keep a watch on the symptoms and get themselves tested for Chlamydia.
Symptoms Associated With Chlamydia
In most cases, Chlamydia does not have any symptoms and can go on for years until you find out that you have an infection. However, some men and women experience pain and burning sensation during urination, increased vaginal and penile discharge that could be foul smelling, vaginal pain during intercourse, pain and swelling in the testes, inflammation inside the vagina, bleeding during sex etc. However, these symptoms are generalised symptoms that could be associated with other infections as well.
If you think you have Chlamydia, there are specialised tests that can be undertaken in order to confirm the condition and take adequate treatment. Here are some ways to check if you have Chlamydia.
1 For those people who have many sexual partners there are more chances of contracting Chlamydia through sexual contact. You can also pass on the infection to others through intercourse. It is very important to undertake tests for Chlamydia, even in the absence of symptoms so that you can avoid complications.
2 Check for unnatural symptoms such as the ones mentioned above.If you find that at least one of those symptoms exist, make sure that you conduct tests for diagnosis and treatment. Chlamydia infections can be completely cured with proper medication and hence you need not worry about having to live with the infection.
3 Look for pain and burning sensation during urination. This symptom can be present if you have other bacterial infections as well. But if you experience any kind of burning sensation and pain in the lower part of the abdomen, especially after sexual contact, you could have Chlamydia. In men, the pain might be absent, but severe burning sensation during urination could indicate Chlamydia in men. They could also have pain in the testicles.
Tests To Identify Chlamydia
There are many tests for identifying Chlamydia. A doctor will be able to guide you as to which test has to be undertaken for diagnosis. Chlamydia cannot be confirmed by just symptoms alone.
A laboratory test involving collecting a swab of tissues from the cervical area is recommended in women. Men will have the swab from the penis region for identifying the bacteria. Checking the vaginal and penile secretions for the bacteria associated with Chlamydia is used for confirming the infection.
A simple urine test too can be done which will help in diagnosis in most cases of Chlamydia infection. Urine culture will help in identifying the antibiotics that will help in treating Chlamydia as well. Newer tests that can be undertaken for Chlamydia diagnosis is the direct fluorescent antibody test and enzyme immunoassays test in which the antibodies and antigens associated with the infection are identified.