Are you feeling pain in your hand? Then, a complete medical check-up of your hands is mandatory. It is done to make sure whether you are suffering from problem of carpal tunnel syndrome or not. This condition occurs due to unreasonable pressure on a nerve around the wrist.
Now you must be thinking what a carpal tunnel is? The wrist of the human body has eight small bones. These small bones are called carpal bones in the wrist. In front of the wrist, a ligament is present. A space is present between the carpal bones and the ligament. This space is called the carpal tunnel. Through this carpal tunnel, tendons attaching the muscles of forearm to the fingers pass. A median nerve also passes through this tunnel and then divides into small branching nerves in the hand fingers.
The median nerve helps hand and its fingers to feel any touch and also controls movement of the thumb muscles. The risk of carpal tunnel syndrome increases, when people reach the age of 40s and 50s. The pregnant women are also more prone to this syndrome. In general, women are more at risk than men.
The symptoms include tingling and burning sensation in hand, pain, numbness, dryness of the skin and weakness of fingers and thumb muscles. Symptoms increases during night and may not let you have proper sleep. If the symptoms remain persistent for longer time, then medical check-up becomes necessary.
The main causes of carpel tunnel syndrome are unknown. The risk factors associated with this syndrome are obesity, pregnancy, an underactive thyroid, diabetes, the menopause, other rare diseases, and a side-effect of some drugs. People who have history of arthritis or are suffering from wrist fractures, increases their chances of this syndrome manifold.
A proper and complete diagnosis is necessary to ascertain the disease and its causes. Then, the doctors can suggest proper medications. If you are feeling pain in your hand then don’t overuse it. Provide it as much relaxation as possible. Painkillers should only be taken on doctor’s advice. The initial treatment generally involves application of removable wrist splint. This device provides support to the wrist and avoids unnecessary hand movements. Sometimes, steroid injections along with local anesthetics are also used to reduce inflammation. If the problem increases then surgery is also prescribed. Other treatments involve yoga, exercises and acupressure.