Burns are one of the most common injuries, and it might turn out to be a very painful experience. To treat a burn, one must first identify the severity of the burn, and thereby approach the burn, depending upon how badly one has been burned or injured. Although minor burns that includes first and second degree burns, may be treated at home, it is usually recommended to get professional medical help in case of third degree or major burns.
How to treat Minor Burns
These burns usually heal quickly, but it is always necessary to apply first aid and take care of the affected region. It includes the first and second degree burns, which may be accompanied by swelling and blisters.
-Use cold water. Firstly run the burned area under cold water for several minutes. Caution: DO NOT USE ICE.
-Use a bandage. Do not apply the bandage tightly over the wound, as this will irritate the skin. A moist, sterile bandage will work fine.
-Take a pain reliever. If the person with the burn can tolerate aspirin or pain killers, it will help to relieve the pain.
-Keep it clean. It is possible that blisters pop if burns are exposed to dirt. Cover the burn with a clean bandage. Keep it clean and keep on changing the bandage at certain intervals.
Treatment of Major Burns
This category includes the third degree burns which are the most severe type of burns, it occurs when the all layers of the skin are burned through. Usually the skin becomes dry may even become black, white or brown in color.
With all major burns, seek medical help as soon as possible
Call Emergency services…
Do not remove any embedded cloth or any material like jewelry etc. Cover the burned area with sterile bandages.
Stay with the concerned person till help arrives.
-Utmost importance shall be given to cleanliness, as the risk of an infection will decrease.
-Try not to touch the blisters. Never try to burst them.
-Consult a physician in case of any complications.
-Sunburn is a common first degree burn that can be easily avoided. Use sun scream and keep yourself away from direct sunlight in summers. It is rightly said that precaution is better than cure.