Major Types of Arthritis

Pain in joints due to arthritis is common in old age. It is due to wear and tear of the joints during the whole life time. It is known as osteoarthritis. But there are different types of arthritis disease that strike people.

Read further to know the different types of arthritis and how to identify them.

Rheumatoid arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, psoriatic arthritis, pseudo gout, are the different types of arthritis that commonly affect individuals. Rheumatoid arthritis is an arthritis that has an inflammatory pathology.

There is inflammation of the synovial membrane of the joints. It is an auto-immune disease where the protective cells of the body damage the healthy cells of the joint which results in inflammation.

In osteoarthritis, there is pain due to degeneration which takes place due to old age. It is the normal ageing process that is taking place. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur in young individuals as well.

The joints which bear the weight of the whole body are affected in case of osteoarthritis. So knee joints, hip joints, ankle and spine get commonly involved. Pain in joints is aggravated by use and activity and it is better by rest.

Gout is also one type of arthritis which can cause severe complications if not treated properly. In gout, there is increased blood uric acid level which results in formation of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals. These crystals are deposited in the joint and kidney and cause inflammation of the joints. Kidney failure and joint deformity are common complications. Proper medicines and diet is required to control gout.

Ankylosing spondylosis is inflammation of the joints of the spine. The joint of the lower back that is the sacroiliac joint is affected first. Usually young individuals below 40 years of age are affected. Morning stiffness and back discomfort for a long duration is present. Vertebral fracture in such cases of stiff spine can lead to paralysis.

The skin disease psoriasis is associated with inflammation of joints in 5 to 10% of people. Inflammation of joints in such cases is called as psoriatic arthritis. The joints of the fingers and toes are commonly invoved. Pseudogout is caused due to deposition of calcium pyrophosphate and hydroxyapatite in joints. All types of arthritis need treatment, changes in lifestyle and physiotherapy exercises to reduce the intensity of symptoms.

This entry was posted in Joints.