Pain during menstruation or menstrual cramps is not an unnatural feature in menstruating women. Medically termed as Dysmenorrhea, most women experience menstrual cramps of varying intensities. The symptoms of painful menstruation are predominant in the initial years of menstruation, which subside gradually in subsequent years.
Acute abdominal pains accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting and bloating are experienced on the second and third days of the periods. These common symptoms of menstrual cramps (also known as primary Dysmenorrhea) are tolerable in many cases while in some acute pains seriously affect the quality of life, demanding medical attention.
Cause: Shedding of the endometrial lining during menstruation is followed by the release of a specific chemical called Prostaglandin, which causes contraction of the uterine muscles resulting in menstrual cramps. Elevated levels of Leukotrienes also contribute to menstrual cramps to some extent. Different levels of Prostaglandins are responsible for varying intensities of painful menstruation in women.
Other factors like narrow cervical canal, faulty position of the uterus, mental stress and lack of physical exercise also contribute to painful menstruation. Insertion of Intra Uterine Device (IUD) and pelvic inflammatory disease may also cause menstrual cramps leading to secondary Dysmenorrhea.
Best herbal remedies for painful menstruation: Herbal remedies for painful menstruation has been practiced through ages and are highly beneficial in treating this common female disorder. Massaging the abdominal region with essential aromatic oils of the herbs like chamomile, jasmine, geranium and clary sage produce a soothing effect reducing the menstrual cramps to a great extent.
Herbal tea prepared from raspberry, catnip or lemon balm produces excellent results in reducing pains during the periods. Sip few cups of herbal teas throughout the day until the pain recedes. Ginger tea is equally beneficial in treating painful menstruation. You can take few cups of ginger tea or add some freshly grated ginger in the herbal teas to get the best effect. This is one of the best herbal remedies for painful menstruation.
Drinking parsley juice is also an effective herbal remedy for Dysmenorrhea. You can mix parsley juice with carrot and beetroot juice and drink to get relief from menstrual pains. The herb Ashoka, a traditional medicinal plant, is highly beneficial in treating menstrual pains. Taking supplements of this herb or drinking extracts of this herb reduces the menstrual cramps and regularizes the menstrual flow. It is advisable to take this herb through professional guidance.
Many herbs are very useful as anti spasmodic that significantly reduce the menstrual cramps. Infusions of herbs of black cohosh, yarrow, chamomile, valerian, wild yam and fever few are quite effective in reducing this menstrual problem.