There are a lot of reasons that may cause the knee joint to swell up, such as playing sports which involve continuous running, a fall directly on the knee or excess body weight which puts a lot of pressure on the knees.
Some causes are not serious and can easily be treated at home, whereas others are serious and will require medical attention. The swelling is usually caused by excess fluid that collects around the knee cap which actually is a protective mechanism of the body.
Remedies for Swollen Knees
Whenever there is an injury to the knee, the brain sends a signal which causes the fluid to collect around the joint to provide a natural cushion. If your knee is swollen, the first thing to do is to rest it. Avoid walking or standing for too long. If you need to be present at an important event, make sure to wear shoes which provide maximum comfort. Lie down with your knee elevated for most parts of the day.
Use at least 2 to 3 pillows as the knee needs to be higher than the pelvis. When falling asleep at night, rest your leg flat without any elevation. Use an ice pack on your knee every few hours. A hot water bag will not help ease the swelling and might actually do the reverse. Its simple science we’ve all learnt in early school, heat expands and cold contracts.
Try rubbing essential oils such as chamomile, eucalyptus or clove oils on your knee, using gentle strokes. These help in reducing swelling. Drinking herbal tea will also help. Include celery and parsley in your everyday food intake, as these foods help in draining the body of excess fluids. Wear special knee support stockings during the day. These help provide additional support to the joint.
If the cause is nothing serious, the above the remedies will help ease the swelling. Take care of your knee even after the swelling eases; keep wearing the knee support stockings when running or when you need to stand for long periods. If after 2 days, you notice no change, please visit your doctor. The knee joint plays a very important role in keeping us mobile and any pain or swelling should not be ignored.