Everyone loves the sunshine; it makes us feel good & look better. Summer time is the best time to go on outing, especially on long vacations to sunbathe along the beach. But the Ultraviolet (UV) rays in sunlight cause more damage to your skin and your body cells than you think.
You should avoid sunbathing and getting sunburns as much as possible, because small amounts of damage can eventually lead to skin cancer or Melanoma. Sun exposure is a key factor of skin cancer, and the number of such cases has doubled since 2000.
If you have very sensitive skin and you feel burnt easily but hardly tan, avoid exposure to the sun by covering your body with long, loose-fitting clothing and a hat/umbrella.
If your skin feels burnt or reddens after a couple of hours exposure to the sun with a slight tan, then use Sunscreen with a high ‘Sun Protection Factor’ (i.e. SPF-20 to SPF-30), after consulting your dermatologist.
If you don’t feel burnt but tan easily due to exposure to sun, you should use a sunscreen with SPF-15.
Irrespective of the way that your skin reacts to the sun, it is always better to avoid sunbathing and not get tanned, as you are always at a risk of getting cancer and damaging your skin causing wrinkles in the near future.
It is best for you to stay out of direct sunlight between 11am to 3pm, which is the hottest part of each day when the sun is at its harshest; instead stay in the shade and cover up. Remember that sunscreen does not give 100 percent protection all the time. Even the highest SPF sunscreen with maximum UVA stars on the box does not block out all of the UV rays of the sun.
There are a few immediate bad effects of sunbathing like reddening of the skin, soreness, rash blisters, etc. If you have been out for too long your skin gets overheated and is warm to touch, even after cooling it with water. In any such extreme cases, cool the area with water for 30 minutes, apply soothing lotion and consult your doctor for further help.
Certain medicines cause hyper-sensitivity when exposed to the sun’s UV rays. Eventually these patients risk developing severe eczema from sunbathing. So, always check & consult your doctor about medicines reacting with sunbathing.