In the present busy lifestyle approx two-third of the population is suffering from neck pain. There are many causes for the neck pain. Muscular stiffness in upper back and neck both are responsible for neck pain. Lower joints of neck and upper back provide support to the head. If this system is adversely affected, the muscles will become stiff and cause neck pain.
Many emotional stress and physical health issues can also cause neck pain. There can be many complex reasons for neck pain like narrowing of spinal tube, degenerative arthritis, bulging discs or past injuries. Wrong postures of sleeping on chairs or sofas or any accident can be a reason for it. Any deformity in soft tissues like ligaments, muscles or nerves can also be a reason.
Basically incorrect posture and stress is the cause of it. In some cases tumors can also be a reason of neck pain. Diseases like rheumatoid and osteoarthritis can cause pain and stiffness in neck. Neck region is particularly vulnerable for any type of injury. Unexpected backward movement of neck beyond the normal limit can cause pain and injury in the neck. Symptoms of neck pain are tenderness, tingling, difficulty in swallowing, dizziness, pulsations and swelling. Testing of neck pain can be done by MRI scan, bone scan, electromyography, and CAT scan or NCV test.
A person with neck pain should keep proper posture while sitting and should keep head straight while sitting. Long time sitting should be avoided. Hard bed should be used for sleeping. Back should not be bent while lifting heavy stuff. Avoid pillows while sleeping. Tension and stress should be avoided.
Neck pain can be treated by many ways including application of heat and ice, soft collar, muscle relaxants, massage, cortisone injection, anesthetic creams, and surgical methods. Physiotherapy can include manual manipulation of affected region and modalities like very mild electrical currents. A person should consult with doctor for the type of treatment required for the patient.