Shoulder pain is one of the most common causes for physician to visit for the musculoskeletal symptoms. Shoulder has allowed for wide range of motion. It is more prone to injury as upper part of arm is bigger than socket of the shoulder. To stay steady, the shoulder is fixed tendons, muscles, and ligaments.
Problems of shoulder arise due to disorder of these tissues. Shoulder pain can localize to the region near the shoulder and the arm. Disease in the body parts like liver, cervical spine and gall bladder can also cause pain which travels along with the shoulder nerves. Some signs of problem in the shoulder are joint deformity, problem in carrying objects, problem in raising arm, redness, fever, swelling, pain during night.
Mostly shoulder problems include muscles, soft tissues, tendons and ligaments than bones. These problems are in categories like arthritis, injury and tendinitis. Tendinitis result out by the wearing process occurs over the years. Acute tendinitis can occur due excessive ball throw and other work-related and sports- related activities.
Dislocation is a damage which happens when apex bone of the arm gets disconnected by the scapula. When tendon of bicep’s muscle breaks nearer to the joint, rupture of proximal biceps tendon happens. Chronic tendinitis can result by disease or cyclic wearing and tearing because of age. Tendon splitting results from degenerative changes or injury in tendons. Many times, too much use of shoulder brings swelling and inflammation of bursa, this condition is called bursitis.
Dislocations in the shoulder may be complete or partial, it causes unsteadiness and pain. Calcific tendonitis is the problem in which calcium deposits in a tendon. X-ray examination is required so that orthopedist can have close view of the joints and bones of the shoulder. Diagnostic techniques like CT scan provide thorough view of the shoulder area. The EMG (electromyogram) indicates nerve damage. Ultrasound is a diagnostic method that uses sound waves of high frequency for creating image of internal organs. This procedure includes lighted, small, optic tube called arthroscope, this is inserted in the joint by a little cut in the joint.