An infection of the urinary tract could involve the kidneys, ureters, urethra or the bladder. Urinary infections are notoriously common. The simple infections are easier to cure as they only involve the bladder or the urethra. The more difficult infections to cure are the ones that spread to the kidneys or some other parts of the body.
The common symptoms of a urinary tract infection are pain while urinating, abdominal pain and an excessive burning sensation. Severe infections can also lead to fever. Here are some of the common treatment approaches for a urinary tract infection.
Urinary Tract Infection Treatments
Since bacterial agents cause most UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections), the doctor usually recommends a course of antibiotics. You need to consume these antibiotics for a stipulated period of time of 3-5 days.
Thereafter you may be reviewed by the doctor to see whether there has been an improvement in your condition. The antibiotics must be continued for the exact duration otherwise the bacteria develop resistance to the drugs and the drugs cease to have an impact.
Some urinary infections can be very severe and painful. In such cases, the doctor may recommend suitable pain killers which you need to take every 4-6 hours. The common medications are Tylenol and ibuprofen.
Hot Compresses/Hot Water Bottles
Severe abdominal pain can be tackled with a hot water bottle. This gives tremendous relief when applied to the stomach. You can alternately use warm compresses on the stomach or ask someone to do the needful for you. This is a simple home remedy, which helps to eliminate the pain.
Drinking plenty of water and keeping yourself well hydrated is important during the course of a urinary tract infection. Water helps to flush out the bacteria and reduces the burning sensation that women typically experience while urinating. Water also makes it easier for women to pass urine. A urinary tract infection can be easily prevented if women consume adequate water throughout the day.
Avoid Coffee, Alcohol and Tea
Caffeine, alcohol and other beverages act as diuretics and cause severe dehydration. This may actually worsen the symptoms of a urinary infection. Your best chances of recovery will occur if you completely eliminate tea, coffee and other beverages. Restrict the intake of spicy foods as these too can irritate the bladder and worsen the symptoms.
If you smoke, your chances of suffering from a UTI are very high. This is because smoking causes bladder irritation and bladder cancer. Your immunity is compromised and the chances of being attacked by bacteria are very high.
A very severe infection can make you seriously ill leading to very high fever, nausea and vomiting. In such instances, you may be admitted to the hospital and will be put on intravenous fluids immediately. A shot of antibiotics followed by a 10-day course of antibiotics will be given to see whether you show any improvement at all. This condition is of course very rare and should be given the attention it merits.
Do not Delay Urination
Delaying or holding back urine for very long periods of time can lead to severe bouts of urinary infection. You must empty out your bladder as soon as you feel the urge to urinate. Holding urine can make your bladder a breeding ground for bacteria, which cause infection.
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Eat Berries and Berry Rich Juices
Juices of cranberry and blueberry have powerful antioxidants, which prevent urinary tract infections from occurring. They also hasten and speed up recovery if you are suffering from a urinary tract infection. Consume 2-3 glasses of cranberry or blueberry juice to ward off infection causing parasites.
Take a course of vitamin C to enhance your immunity and prevent infections from recurring. Taking a course of vitamin C will go a long way in boosting your immunity especially during the critical summer season when UTIs are rampant.
Avoid Public Toilets
It has been well researched that public toilets are dirty and harbour millions of disease causing bacteria. Usage of public toilets especially by women is leading to an increase in the spate of urinary tract infections. It is better to avoid public toilets altogether as much as you can.
Following good personal hygiene will keep you clean, healthy and disease free. Wash yourself properly after urinating. Change underwear frequently and always wear airy cotton panties that allow your groin area to breathe. Wash your privates with gentle soap and water. This will keep germs and bacteria at bay.
Treatment for Honeymoon Cystitis
Honeymooning couples often suffer from very severe cases of urinary tract infections called as honeymoon cystitis. This is caused due to transmission of germs during sexual intercourse and also due to improper personal hygiene. Honeymooning couples should take care and follow scrupulous personal hygiene so that they are not affected by honeymoon cystitis.
Proper Use of Catheters
Hospital catheters are common sources of bacterial infections and can lead to an UTI. Doctors and nurses at the hospital should ensure that the catheters are properly sterilized before inserting it into the patient’s urethra. Care should be taken while removing them. They should also be changed frequently.
Wiping from Front to Back
While defecating, care must be taken to wipe from front to back and not back to front. This prevents germs from travelling to the urethra from the rectum. The rectum is a breeding ground of bacteria and germs can easily pass from there to the urethral region. This practice must be followed for girls and women of all ages, as it is one of the primary causes of a urinary tract infection.
Excessive use of bath tubs can strip your vaginal and urethral area of essential bacteria that help to protect your body from disease causing microbes. Take a bath in the shower or from a bucket instead. It is also better to minimize the use of vaginal scents, perfumes and deos as these can aggravate an infection. With these tips, a UTI can be easily prevented and treated.
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