Joint and muscle pain are the two commonest elements of uneasiness. Sometimes these can happen due to old age, but not always. There are various causes of muscle pain and joint aches. To know more let us have an overview of both joint and muscle pain.
Treatments For Joint Pain
Joints are the vital parts of the body because they link the bones and provide support while aiding movement of the body. Pain of the joints can occur due to some disease or injury. The disease and conditions related to joint pain are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, gout, sprain, etc.Most of the times, the affected parts are the knees, hips and shoulders. The pain can be anything from mild to severe and can last from a few days to weeks together. Joint pains are both of acute and chronic nature.
Medications for Joint Pain
The commonest medications that people use for joint pain are NSAIDS or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. There are numerous over the counter drugs available and the common ones are ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin. Cox-2 inhibitors are the latest generation of NSAIDS which are considered better as they can provide relief in a much better way without causing much harm in the form of side-effects.For severe cases when the pain becomes intolerable, the physicians prescribe opioids. But care should be taken to use it only under medical supervision as it can cause drowsiness.
Topical Agents And Injections
Sometimes taking medicines may not only be enough to remove the pain. In some cases topical agents are used for massaging or applying on the affected joint. Capsaicin is one such topical agent which acts by blocking ‘substance P’. Such action triggers the release of endorphins which blocks pain and thereby provides relief. Methyl salicylate is another of such topical agents that is widely used.
In cases where oral drugs and topical applications fail to provide relief, the physicians take to injecting steroids at the affected joints. Most of the times such injections are prescribed for people suffering from severe cases of arthritis. Injections are also given to administer a synthetic joint fluid called hyaluronan and for removal of fluids from the joints.
Physical Therapy And Home Care
Physical therapy is always prescribed for people suffering from joint problems. Apart from stabilizing the joints it also helps in improving the range of movements of these joints. Therapies like hot and cold compress, electrical nerve simulations, infrared therapy, etc. are useful for such treatment.
Sometimes, the problem of joint pain results from obesity and then exercises aimed at weight reduction are prescribed along with other treatments. Swimming is often considered one of the best exercises which can improve the condition of the joints without putting pressure on them. Home care like giving rest to the joints, compression and in acute cases using ice packs and heating pads prove very useful.
Alternative And Natural Treatment For Joint Pains
A chemical called glucosamine is found in the healthy cartilages and as it diminishes the bones begin to rub agents each other generating pain. Glucosamine sulphate is often used as an alternative medicine. Among the natural remedies apple cider vinegar is said to be very effective. Carcumin derived from turmeric and cherry are also eaten to stay away from joint pains.
Muscle Pain Causes And Treatment
Muscle pain or myalgia can turn as severe as joint pain and can sometimes cripple a person temporarily. Normally soreness of muscles is reported after various strenuous exercises or change in routine from lighter jobs to more physical jobs. Sometimes such strain may also result in tearing of muscle fibers and other injuries. The duration of muscle pain can vary. So you can experience the pain for a few days to few months.
There is no particular part of the body that can get affected more. Any part can get affected from the neck to the back and limbs. Sometimes the pain can remain static in one set of muscles and sometimes it can spread over the whole body.
Causes Of Muscle Pain
Causes of muscle pain are as varied as there are muscles in the body of a human being. Stress, tension, minor injuries and overuse of the muscles are often the common causes of muscular pain. These localized pains are different from the systemic pain where the whole body aches. Such conditions generally arise when the patient suffers from some kind of illness or infection. Other common causes of muscle pain are chronic fatigue syndrome, dermatomyositis, influenza, lupus, etc.
Self Care and Home Remedies
Treatment of muscle pain can easily start at home in minor cases. Sometimes, a heavy workout or a strenuous job can result in sore muscles. In that case continuation of the works with lighter schedule can help. Sometimes people take long breaks between such painful conditions.
But it is advised that instead of stopping altogether, mild workouts should be carried out to keep the body in shape. For treatment one should first give rest to the affected area. Ice packs are very useful. Placing an ice pack at the affected area for around 15 to 20 minutes for three times a day can relieve the tension. Compression helps to reduce the swelling.
Prevention and cure are both possible at home with simple natural remedies. A hot bath with Epsom salts is a great way of relieving muscle pain. Magnesium present in the salt can heal the torn muscle fibers quickly. It is said that eating about 2 bananas a day can prevent muscle cramps also.
Similarly, milk, being a source of calcium can reduce the chances of muscle strain and injury. Finally, drinking lots of water helps because it helps to replenish the fluid that has been lost due to sweating. This holds true especially for those people who regularly work out for fitness.
Normally, all the cases of muscle pain are treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Analgesic combinations of acetaminophen, caffeine and magnesium salicylate; aspirin, singly or in combination with other drugs; ibuprofen, diclophenac and naproxen and methyl salicylate for topical application are some of the popular drugs for treatment of sore muscles. Arnica is used for treatment of muscle pain and cramps.