Urinary Tract Infection – Symptoms, Causes, And Prevention

Urinary Tract Infection

As the name suggests, urinary tract infection (UTI) is caused by the bacterial infection of the urinary tract. Almost all the women experience this infection at least once in their lifetime. Though it is not a serious illness, it can put your life out of gear for a few days. Urinary Tract Infection

 

Women are more prone to the infection of the urinary tract than the men. Reason for this is that their urinary tract is shorter than that of the men. Additionally, many women are predisposed to be afflicted with this condition. In such women it can be very frustrating because the UTI may keep recurring. But it is heartening to note that UTI can be treated successfully with antibiotics.

Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infection presents itself with very troublesome symptoms which make you to run for treatment without any delay. One feels urgency to pass urine because the controlling system does not work efficiently any more. It may happen that the output of urine is very little and one continues to feel the need to urinate. Hence, one has to repeatedly keep visiting the urinal. This causes a lot of discomfort.

In some cases there is a strong burning sensation in the urethra. The sharp pain while passing of urine may be present in UTI. Lower back, lower abdomen and sides may feel sore. Another symptom is that  you feel the need to urinate more often than usual.

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Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection

There are two main causes of urinary tract infection. The first one deals with bacterial infection and the second has to do with the weakening of bladder muscles. Pregnancy also increases the risk of a UTI. Pregnant women are advised to increase their intake of water to avoid a UTI, as they are not supposed to eat medications meant for treatment of a UTI.

One of the causes of UTI is the transmission of bacteria present near the vagina during a sexual intercourse. The bacteria stay near vagina, the sexual activity may push them inside the urethra.

Those who delay urinating run the risk of weakening of bladder muscles. Holding of urine for too long stretches the muscular walls of the bladder more than it has been designed to. When the urine is released, there is considerable lowering of pressure and the bladder contracts. A weak bladder may not empty itself fully. This fact increases the risk of a UTI.

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Prevention Of Urinary Tract Infection

The foremost tip is to maintain a good personal hygiene. The skin around the rectum and vagina should be kept clean. The vaginal area must be washed after every intercourse. It is advised to drink plenty of water to flush out the bacteria. Additionally, if you keep delaying the passage of urine, the chances of infection increase many fold.

Hence, pass the urine as and when you feel the need and sit there a few seconds longer after you have passed it. Even passing urine before and after an intercourse reduces the chances of a UTI.

The panties should be made of material which allows moisture to evaporate. So go in for the cottons, the synthetic materials are not suitable.

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M Nandini