Vasculitis is a varied group of disorders that are typified by inflammatory group of destruction of blood vessels. This disorder affects both the arteries and the veins and the blood vessels of all sizes ranging from the largest vessel that is an aorta to the smallest vessel like the capillaries of the skin, might be affected. The actual reason of the disease is still unknown. The abnormality of the immune system and the swelling of the blood vessels are the familiar features of this disease. Vasculitis can be of a small term (acute) and of a lengthy term (chronic). It can be so harsh that the tissues and organs getting blood by the affected vessels do not get adequate blood. The dearth of blood can follow the organ and tissue damage and might even cause death.
Corticosteroid: For the most type of vasculitis the doses of corticosteroid (in general prednisone or methylprednisolone) is first used to reduce and control inflammation. The side effects of the use of steroids can be severe, particularly when continued for a long period of time, which might include weight gain, diabetes, thinning of bone or osteoporosis, increased risk of infections, cataract, high blood pressure and so on.
Calcium and vitamin D supplements are provided to the patients who are suffering from the disease so as to combat the decrease of density of bones. One receives the lowest dose of the steroid that has the ability to control the disease.
Medications controlling immune system: Severe type of vasculitis that do not respond well to corticosteroids might need the treatment of immunosuppressive medications like cytotoxic drugs that kill the immune system cells that are liable for the cause of inflammation.
Researchers have had some success using certain types of immunosuppressant drugs to treat definite type of vasculitis but are still carrying out tests of the drug in the clinical trials for further renovation and to make it more effective.
Treating vasculitis usually depends on the severity of the disease and the organs that are affected by the disease. However, in general the treatments aim to reduce inflammation and to halt the immune system from continuously damaging the blood vessels.