Diabetes is a disease that can affect any part of the body. Excess of sugar in the blood and urine can lead to more time being taken for the cure of wounds. Diabetes could lead even to gangrene where a part of his body is to be amputated to stop further spread of infection. People suffering from Type 2 diabetes should have medical tests and examinations regularly to make sure the kidney is not affected.
In a routine checkup for diabetes tests are done to ascertain the serum creatine level in the blood. Tests are also done to ascertain the level of protein in one’s blood. Besides tests of the sugar level in the blood and urine are also done. The level of serum creatine and Proteins in the blood are two of the main tests to ascertain the kidney function. However these tests are not full proof of the kidney not being affected. Further tests are generally done to make sure if the kidney has been affected.
However these tests cannot be done if the patient is suffering from an attack of Urinary Tract Infection. This infection may not help indicate the exact results. A urinary test may be done to ascertain if microalbumin is present. This product in the urine indicates the early stages of diabetes affecting the kidney.
Any diabetic who has the problem of hypertension also should have one’s blood pressure checked at regular intervals. Presence of high blood pressure or hypertension could also increase the risk of diabetes affecting the kidney of a person. So such persons should take care to take their medications to decrease hypertension and should also make life style changes.
Diabetics with hypertension should avoid taking much of salt and avoid tension and stress at all cost. Besides they should cultivate an active life style and do deep breathing exercises regularly to avoid stress. Besides consuming alcohol and smoking should be stopped.
Some other symptoms that could indicate that diabetes has affected the kidney swelling in the legs, puffiness of the face and decrease in the amount of urine passed out. Besides fasting and post lunch blood sugar levels it is advisable for diabetics to also undergo the test of glycosylated hemoglobin, which would help access the level of blood sugar control. If one finds any abnormalities in any of these levels it is best to consult a nephrologist to get treatment.
To end watch out for the various signs that indicate that one’s diabetes has affected the kidney and take prompt action to prevent further damage and have that condition cured.