There are very few lucky females who have not suffered from premenstrual syndrome any time in their life. 90% of women experience symptoms of premenstrual syndrome either in mild form if not in severe form.
Both men and women should learn about premenstrual syndrome as it affects woman’s physical as well as emotional health.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of symptoms that occurs prior to menstruation. It occurs due to various biochemical abnormalities due to changing levels of hormones before menstruation.
Mild symptoms before menses usually can be ignored as they are not troublesome. Moderate to intense symptoms of PMS cause a lot of trouble to women and they need to take treatment for that.
The changes that are responsible for premenstrual syndrome are excess of oestrogen hormone and deficiency of progesterone, increased carbohydrate intolerance, deficiency of pyridoxine. The symptoms of PMS due to these changes are as follows.
There is increase in breast tenderness as the menstrual period appears close. Pain in breast is also noted. Usually females put on weight during this period. There is a lot of retention of fluid due to disturbance in renal functions that is caused due to increase in endocrine hormones like vasopressin, aldosterone, prolactin, and systemic prostaglandins.
Bloating is another prominent symptom. There is abdominal bloating due to accumulation of gas. Fatigue and weakness is another symptom that many women face during this period. There is increase in appetite and craving for sweet foods is present. There are a lot of changes in the emotions. Emotions during this period can range from anxiety to irritability and depression.
Mood swings are common. Woman becomes irritable without any reason or she may become depressed and negative towards life. She may feel sad and cry for small things for a long duration.
The intensity of mood swings varies from woman to woman. If you know that these symptoms occur during this period, then it will be easier for you to handle yourself if you are a woman. It affects relationships as well, so men should also know about these symptoms.
Usually all these symptoms decrease after the menstruation starts. Restriction of salty diet is advised. Visit a gynaecologist who will advise some hormonal tablets to relieve the symptoms.