Heart diseases have become one of the most common types of disease in the 21st century. There seem to be very few people who can say that he or she is free from any form of heart disease. Now cardiac diseases are caused because of many factors.
And each of these factors lead to one particular type of heart disease. Each one has its own set of symptom and treatment. It is important to identity the correct heart disease. In this article we bring to you a list of different types of heart diseases. So read on.
Various Types Of Heart Diseases
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is caused in childhood that is preceded by Rheumatic fever. Sometimes, there can be instances of streptococcal infections that spread to the heart.
When it reaches the heart the bacteria weakens the heart muscles leading to scarring of the heart sacs. When these sacs are scarred they do not open fully leading to improper heart rhythm and ultimately an attack.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is the second type of heart disease that kills millions across the globe. In this type of disease there is plaque build up around your heart arteries that leas to their narrowing. When these arteries are narrowed they find it difficult to pump blood properly.
This results in an attack. Hypertensive heart disease- High blood pressure resulting from primary hypertension or secondary hypertension can lead to cardiac diseases. If there is any tumor in the adrenal glands, damaged kidneys blood pressure rises. This puts unwanted pressure on the heart valves and causes the disease.
Sometimes diseases in the brain such as an accident or a stroke can lead to Cerebrovascular heart disease. Because of the accident there can be an injury in some part of the brain or an embedded blood clot which if not treated can disrupt the supply of normal blood to the brain leading to a heart disease.
Cerebrovascular disease can also be in the for of strokes. So if there has been any instance of stroke in your family it is essential for you to take the person to a good physician and take necessary medical steps.
Myocardial Infarction Or Heart Attack
When there is an insufficient supple of blood to the heart it results in myocardial infarction or a heart attack. This occurs due to many reasons such as obesity, unhealthy food habits, life style etc. It can be due to a sudden shock also. Myocardial infarction or heart attack is the most common form of heart disease.
It is because the reasons that lead to this form of heart disease is seen very commonly. When you are obese or have an under active metabolism chances are there that the blood vessels in your body will get clogged leading to an attack.
angina is a form of medical condition where in the heart does not receive proper oxygen and nutrients. This happens due to previous conditions such as atherosclerosis or coronary artery spasm.
Angina begins from the left arm and moves towards the heart. It can occur any time like after or before a meal. This insufficient form of oxygen can lead to a heart disease.
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