As the world is becoming shorter, diseases are more communicable and spreading fast. It is inevitable to avoid catching disease catching germs if you lead an active professional and social life. As we all know, prevention is always better than the treatment itself, it is important to know how to prevent diseases and keep the deadly virus and bacteria at bay.
The key point behind the whole idea of preventing diseases is to build a strong immune system and increase the body’s capability to fight against disease causing micro organisms. Here are few great tips to prevent diseases and build immunity:
Cooking Food Correctly
Our health to a large extent depends on what we eat. Most of the bacteria and disease causing organisms attack our body through wrong and contaminated food. This is especially true for people eating meat based food or sea food. Any of these foods if not cooked at the right temperature can majorly affect your health and cause some of the dangerous health hazards.
Cooking meat at a temperature above 200 degree F kills all the disease causing organisms. Always use a food thermometer while roasting or cooking meat to check and maintain the right temperature for the meat cooking. Also while reheating old and stored food, warm it nicely. Discard any kept food if it smells stale and foul.
Washing Fruits And Vegetables
If you think you are doing the healthiest act by eating your fruits, vegetables and salads raw, then you are probably mistaken. Raw fruits and vegetables are the most dangerous carriers of organisms responsible for food poisoning. They may also contain traces of pesticides used in the fields where they are grown.
It is important to wash your daily purchase of fruits and vegetables thoroughly in the running water before consuming them or cooking them. This holds especially true for all those vegetables grown under the soil. Also to prevent contamination, avoid eating cut fruits and salads outside or at open and unhygienic places. Vegetables used in salads in raw form such as carrots, cucumber etc should be washed thoroughly before consumption.
Drink Purified Water
Almost 80 % of the disease causing organisms are water borne and get transferred through contaminated water. It is important to remove the impurities of the water you drink by either boiling it or treating it with a purifier or filters. It is important to invest in a good water purifier rather than drinking infected and impure water and falling sick.
Avoid drinking normal tap water from public places and restaurants. Always ask for purified or mineral water. Apart from the purifiers, boiling and chlorination of water prevents it getting affected from the microorganisms.
Implement Ways To Avoid Mosquitoes And Insects
Some insects, flies, fleas and mosquitoes are the carriers of a few most deadly diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, encephalitis and many others. When they bite or suck blood from your skin, they are actually transferring disease causing organisms to your body which complete a long cycle of illness and disease before leaving your body.
Hence it becomes extremely important to find ways to prevent mosquitoes and insects from attacking you at home or outside. Use of window screens, mosquito net, and insect repellents helps in prevention of mosquitoes and insects. Avoid going out during dusk when they are most active. Also an insect bite should immediately be reported to a health care provider or a physician to rule out any potential risks.
Washing Hands Regularly
One of the most hygienic habits that goes a long way in maintaining a perfect health is to wash hands regularly and religiously several times a day. Our hands and palms are the easy carrier for most of the virus, bacteria and germs present on the open surfaces. When we use the hands to eat food, touch somebody or touching other objects, the germs get further transferred and help in spreading bacteria. Washing hands with a medicated soap and water makes them get rid of dirt, grime and germs. You need to wash your hands specially after using the toilet, shaking hands, dealing with pets, handling objects in public places, using a common elevator and during and after travelling.
When disease season strikes it is important to keep yourself well hydrated by drinking lots of fluids that includes water, fruit juices, energy drinks and other fluids. A dehydrated body reacts badly towards virus and disease causing organisms. Whereas, a well moisturized and hydrated body prevents diseases and builds up immunity.
Incorporating a healthy and fit lifestyle is important for keeping diseases at bay. A daily routine of some physical activity or a sports based activity plays a big role in developing strength and immunity. Also, avoid smoking if you do as it lowers the body’s ability to fight against germs and diseases. Avoid the company of smokers at your home or workplace. Passive smoking is equally hazardous to overall health.
A good, healthy and proper nutrition is the next step towards maintaining health and a strong immune system. Make sure your diet is rich in whole grains, fiber, protein and good carbohydrates. Eat lots of fruits and veggies, especially colorful ones and the green ones, that are rich in antioxidants and good nutrients.
Get Your Supplements
As much as a good nutrition is necessary to keep healthy, it is important for you to take vitamin supplements and some necessary minerals, to suffice for whatever is not reaching your body through a diet. Vitamin B complex plays a big role in bringing down the frequency of cold and cough episodes every year. Also, vitamin C, E and D help in fighting diseases and building up immunity. Among minerals, Zinc and Iron are some of the best ones, needed to provide strength to our immune system. Taking zinc supplement is particularly necessary as it is not present in many food items.
Apart from the above tips it is important to get a good sleep. Believe it or not but you can really fight against diseases by sleeping tight. Studies have that a sound and peaceful sleep of at least eight hours is necessary for the body to collect strength and strengthen immunity that plays a major role in keeping healthy and fit.