Depending upon the severity of the wound, bedsores are treated with antiseptics, antibiotics, nutritional intervention and removal of the damaged tissues through surgical and non-surgical processes.
5 Treatment Options For Bed Sores
Reducing the pressure on the affected area is essential for healing the bedsore. Persistent pressure on an area of the skin reduces blood circulation, thereby damaging or killing the tissues in the pressure site, leading to bedsores.
To prevent bedsores or to assist healing, the caregiver should assist a person confined to bed to change his/her position at least once in every one or two hour.
Clean The Sore with Antiseptic Solution
To prevent complications, bedsores need to be treated at the early stage. A saline solution is usually used for cleaning the wound. Salt is a natural antiseptic that protects the lesions from microbes.
Besides saltwater there are other products that can be used for cleaning the sores. You can wash the wound with decoction prepared with goldenseal. Goldenseal is a powerful natural antibiotic that can prevent infections.
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The lesions can be cleaned with a warm infusion prepared with chamomile, a herb with anti-inflammatory property. Other antibacterial herbs such as Echinacea, horsetail and silverweed can also protect the sores from bacteria and viruses.
Apply Moisture Barriers
After cleaning the wound, make sure that moisture or body fluid does not remain on the wound. A mild lotion or cream, especially the ones with moisture barrier, can protect the wound from sweat and urine.
You can apply aloe vera gel to the wound. Besides protecting the lesions from body fluid, aloe gel soothes the affected area and promotes wound healing. The sore can also be protected with ointments containing calendula.
Covering the lesion with a little honey can promote healing. Vitamin E and almond oil can also act as moisture barriers. In addition, they will nourish the skin and assist repair of the damaged tissues.
Topical or oral antibiotics are needed for treating infected bedsores. Several herbs with antibiotic properties are as effective as pharmacological antibiotics.
Tea tree oil is a time-honored remedy for skin ulcers. Applying essential oil of tea tree diluted with almond oil to the infected sore promotes wound healing. Myrrh gum can also be used for treating the infected wounds.
Since malnourishment severely impairs the natural wound healing process, nutritional intervention is frequently needed to promote repair of the damaged tissues in people suffering from bedsores.
A high protein diet is recommended for treating the stubborn lesions that do not respond to conventional treatment. Vitamins A, B complex, C and E, zinc, selenium, magnesium, manganese and amino acids glutamine and arginine are especially essential for people suffering from bedsores.
In addition, the skin of people with bedsores needs to be hydrated by increasing consumption of water and fluid. A hydrated skin can be easily repaired.