Acne Rosacea is a different type of skin disorder, which is often mistaken to be Acne because of its similarities. However, the main differentiating factors between the two is that Rosacea are generally dome shaped while acne are pointed with whiteheads, Blackheads, lumps etc. It is mostly experienced by the English and Scottish parentage and those who have a fair skin between the age group of 30 to 60. Generally, its frequency is higher among women but it is more severe in case of men.
The exact factors that lead to acne rosacea are still not known. However, it is believed that alcohol, spicy food, heat, and stress play an important role in triggering this situation. The symptoms of rosacea are most prominent in the form of red patches or a rash like feature around the mouth, nose and eyes of an individual.
The blood vessels around the nose and cheeks tend to become more visible, especially when these rosaceas flare up. These patches also enhance the growth of large red cysts which may result in bad scarring if not treated timely.
Sometimes rosacea also causes a reddish tint in the eyes of the individual, which may be accompanied by a burning, itchy and painful sensation in the eyes. In dire circumstances, it may lead to rosacea keratitis. Rosacea is commonly treated by application of topical antibiotics once or twice a day.
Most topical antibiotics consist of clindamycin, erythromycin and azelaic acid, which controls the redness of rosacea. Your dermatologist may also prescribe you with oral antibiotics which reduce the inflammation.
In rare cases, steroids too may be administered if you face severe symptoms of rosacea. However, usage of both antibiotics and steroids for longer duration may adversely affect you. The more recent means of treatment would be the laser therapy, which removes most blemishes, red patches etc with minimum side effects. A photodynamic therapy too may be used to treat rosacea.
Isotretinoin (a synthetic chemical compound with similarities to Vitamin A) may also be used to treat acne rosacea. Isotretinoin has to be prescribed by your doctor as it may cause certain side effects. Acne rosacea is basically not curable, though the medications provided are basically to reduce the redness, inflammations and flare ups.