Liver cancer is a very fatal disease that plagues humankind. This condition is characterized by an uncontrolled growth of malignant cells in the liver. This affects the proper functioning of the liver and thus the whole process of digestion is hindered.
The condition of liver cancer can be characterized by many symptoms like jaundice, enlargement of the liver and abdominal swelling. The affected person will experience a sudden and unexpected weight loss and will also suffer from abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.
If not treated in a timely manner, then the cancer can spread to the nearby organs. However, if the condition is diagnosed in the initial stages itself, then one can cure the condition by following many effective modes of treatment.
Treatment For Liver Cancer
The Methods Of Diagnosis
Before venturing into the treatment methods, your doctor will perform certain diagnostic tests like MRI, CAT scan and ultrasounds to confirm the condition. Following this, a sample of the affected tissue will be sent for biopsy and certain blood tests will be performed, so as to assess the severity of the disease.
Based on these results and factors like age and health status of the patient, the doctor will then choose the most suitable method of treatment. Given below are some effective methods of liver cancer treatment, which are usually followed.
Surgery is a commonly followed method of liver cancer treatment. The complexity of the procedure depends on the level of damage of the liver cells. If the cancer has affected only a small portion of the liver, then that specific area is removed by surgical means.
However, if large portions of the liver cells are found to be malignant, then the doctor will consider the option of liver transplant, wherein the entire liver is replaced with one from a suitable donor.
In chemotherapy, one makes use of medications to destroy the cancerous cells. The drugs can be taken either orally or else can be taken in the form of injections. In a special type of chemotherapy known as chemoembolization, a high dose of the drug is injected in such a manner that it directly reaches the liver without entering the blood stream.
In radiation therapy, high energy X-rays are made use of to shrink the cancerous cells. This will greatly help in preventing the spread of cancer to the nearby organs.
In this method of treatment, the physician makes use of heat to destroy the cancerous liver cells. Here, needles are inserted into your abdomen and they are then guided to the site of liver cancer, with the help of an ultrasound machine.
When the needles reach the cancerous cells, they are heated up by an electric current, and this in turn leads to the destruction of the malignant cells.
Cryoablation is a method of treatment in which the spread of the disease is restricted by freezing the cancerous cells. Here the cancerous liver cells are exposed to liquid nitrogen, which in turn leads to their destruction. This method of treatment can also be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and surgery.
The properties of alcohol are found to be effective in drying out and destroying cancerous cells. Here, alcohol is introduced into the body of the patients via injections in the abdominal region. However, one will have to undergo a number of sessions of this treatment, in order to bring about complete cure of the disease.