Pregnancy is supposed to be a time when a woman needs to take extra care of herself. Starting right from the eating habits to the medications to be taken, everything should be given prime importance during the period of pregnancy. However, the scenario gets even tougher if one has a high risk pregnancy.Many of you might be wondering as to what exactly is a high risk pregnancy. When the chances of occurrence of complications in a pregnancy are very high, then the pregnancy is classified as a high risk one. In this case, there is a high chance of fatality of the both the mother as well as the baby.
There are many factors which help in classifying a pregnancy as a high risk one. These factors threaten the natural course of pregnancy and the development of the baby. Described below are the important factors of a high risk pregnancy that every woman should be aware of.
There are certain medical conditions like gestational diabetes, placenta previa and preeclampsia, which can develop in pregnant women. Women who contract these complications will be placed under the high risk category and will need extra care and attention.Apart from these conditions, women who have a previous medical history of heart diseases, cancer, epilepsy and kidney problems are also placed under the high risk category. This category also includes pregnant women who hail from a family having a medical history of genetic problems.
The age of a pregnant woman is also a decisive factor, when it comes to classifying the pregnancy as a normal one or a high risk one. Women under the age of 16 and above the age of 35 are found to have a have a high chance of developing pregnancy complications.
While pregnant women below 16 years of age are at a high risk of giving birth to the baby prematurely, the elderly lot can face many medical problems like diabetes and hypertension during their pregnancy. Apart from this, pregnant women above 35 years of age are also at risk of giving birth to babies with genetic abnormalities.
Multiple Pregnancies And Previous Complications
If you are pregnant with multiple fetuses, then your pregnancy will be classified as a high risk one. In addition, women who have a medical history of previous miscarriages and preterm labor also fall under the high risk group.
Unhealthy Body Weight
In order to have a healthy pregnancy, it is necessary that you maintain a healthy body weight. Women who fall well below their ideal body weight have a chance of developing various pregnancy complications and are very prone to miscarriages. Not only underweight women, but those who are obese are also placed under the high risk category.
The lifestyle of a pregnant woman influences not only her health, but the health of her baby too.The high risk pregnancy category will include women who have the habit of smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
Women who smoke are seen to have unhealthy babies and they are also at a high risk of developing many pregnancy complications like placental abruptions.At the same time, consuming alcohol can cause the baby to develop the condition of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS).
If you fall under any of the above said categories, then it is essential that you take extra care during your pregnancy. You should be regular for your prenatal appointments and should also follow your doctor’s instructions religiously. The doctor will monitor your pregnancy in a very close manner in order to prevent the occurrence of complications.