Many mothers-to-be develop high blood pressure especially towards the end of their pregnancy. Some might even suffer from high blood pressure before conception.It is a serious medical problem but many women have given birth to healthy babies without many complications.However, despite all medical advancements, high blood pressure during pregnancy is still risky for both mother and child.
There are many risk factors associated with high blood pressure during pregnancy. Many a times the baby does not get proper supply of oxygen and nutrition because of placenta related complications. Doctors often tend to make early deliveries in cases of high blood pressure since it can be life threatening at a later stage of pregnancy to mother and her baby.
Often the blood pressure comes back to normal after the delivery. But in many cases the mother is at a high risk of cardiovascular diseases later in life. Women who have had high blood pressure prior to conceiving the baby have different set of complications during pregnancy.The issues in such cases are unlike those in women who develop high blood pressure only during pregnancy. High blood pressure during pregnancy has been categorized under three heads by the Mayo Clinic. These are chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension and preeclampsia.
If the mother develops high blood pressure before completing 20 weeks of pregnancy she is diagnosed as having chronic hypertension. Here the doctor will ask the mother to count her baby’s movements during a specific part of the day. Cases where the mother experiences high blood pressure even after 12 weeks of delivery also fall under chronic hypertension.In gestational hypertension high blood pressure is diagnosed after 20 weeks of pregnancy and there are no traces of protein in the mother’s urine. However, according to medical records mothers with gestational hypertension usually develop it after 37 weeks of gestation. Blood pressure returns back to normal after the baby’s birth but there are more complications involved.
When the mother has high blood pressure and protein in the urine she is diagnosed with preeclampsia. This is a severe condition where blood flow to various parts of the body decreases. This results in poor fetal growth. Preeclampsia is a very serious condition and can lead to death of baby and mother if not treated on time.