A stroke is a serious medical condition which occurs due to the formation of blood clots, which in turn affects the blood flow to and from the brain. This is a fatal situation which causes tremendous damage to the nervous system and requires immediate medical attention.
The damage caused to the nervous system will in turn result in a loss of mobility, numbness and weakness of the muscles. To overcome these difficulties and to minimize the damage caused to the nervous system,it is essential for a person who has suffered from a stroke attack, to involve in physical therapy treatment.
This treatment,when combined with proper medicine intake will allow the patient to recover in a quick manner and will thus make him capable of leading a normal life.
Read On To Get An Elaborate Idea About Physical Therapy For Stroke Patients.
The Role Of A Physical Therapist
Physical therapists are professionals who examine and evaluate the extent of musculoskeletal damage caused to the patient. Based on their findings, the therapists will prescribe the suitable exercises which will help in the mobilization of the patient.
The Workouts Involved
The exercises involved in physical therapy primarily aim at strengthening the muscles and regaining their lost strength. To make this possible, a physical therapist will prescribe many strengthening and range of motion exercises.
The exercises prescribed for the patient can be active or passive.While active exercises are to be done by the patient in an unassisted manner, passive exercises are to be performed with adequate help from the physical therapist.
Range Of Motion Exercises
Physical therapy for stroke patients comprises of range of motion exercises, which will help the patient to improve the flexibility and range of motion of the weakened muscles and limbs.
These exercises will also help to maintain a healthy blood flow in the body of the patient and will also prevent unwanted muscle tightening. In active form of this workout, a patient is made to move his limbs all by himself.
The exercises can be performed against gravity or by using a cane. If the patient is too weak,then passive range of motion exercises are done,wherein the therapist moves the limbs of the patient. After the patient has gained enough strength, he/she can then move forward to perform active range of motion exercises.
Strengthening exercises are the next step in physical therapy for stroke patients, and these are aimed at improving the muscle strength and endurance.
Here one can make use of light weights or resistance bands to perform the exercise. Instead of using resistance of free weights, the patient can also relay on the manual resistance which can be offered by the therapist.
Exercises For Balance
Once the muscles have gained enough strength, then the patient should progress into balance and co-ordination workouts. These exercises will enable the patient to perform simple tasks like lifting objects and standing on their own.
The workouts mainly focus on regaining the co-ordination of the affected limbs and involve standing and sitting exercises and using parallel bars and exercise balls.
After performing the above said exercises, the patient can slowly progress into walking exercises. These workouts will help the patient to be mobile and thus lead an active life.
The physical therapy exercises which are prescribed,can be performed at the hospital and is to be followed in a religious manner even after the patient is discharged from the hospital.