Pneumonia is a severe respiratory disease that causes inflammation of lungs. It gets triggered due to the presence of bacteria and viruses in the body. This disease can have serious complications if not treated at the right time and can even prove fatal for the patient.
The symptoms of pneumonia are similar to the symptoms of a regular bout of flu which makes it difficult to detect it in the beginning. Once the temperature rises to alarming limits along with chest pain, one realizes the presence of this disease.
People with weak immune system, infants and aged and patients of chronic illness are more susceptible to this disease. Pneumonia is a communicable disease which can get triggered when a person comes in contact with an infected person and inhales the microorganisms.
These microorganisms fill the lungs with pus and fluid. This affects the supply of oxygen in the body. Types of pneumonia which are commonly found include ‘viral pneumonia’, ‘mycoplasma pneumonia’ and ‘bacterial pneumonia’.
Bacterial pneumonia is caused when bacteria in the throat multiply due to the weak immune system and spread in the lungs filling the air sacs with pus and fluid. Weak immune system can be a result of old age, severe illness or lack of proper nutrition in the body.
Viral pneumonia is usually triggered by viruses that cause measles, chickenpox, etc. In Mycoplasma pneumonia, the mycoplasma increase in number and attack the lungs. People suffering from respiratory diseases including asthma or other illness like diabetes, HIV, anemia or cardiac conditions are more prone to this type of pneumonia.
A patient suffering from pneumonia shows signs of high fever, cough, chest pain, fits, yellow mucus with traces of blood, chills, etc. When the condition gets worse, the patient experiences problems in breathing and suffers from joint pain.
Appetite loss, nausea and vomiting, turning of nails to blue color, etc are other symptoms of pneumonia. Pneumonia is treated under the guidance of a medial practitioner.
Usually the diagnosis is made after recognizing the type and the cause of the disease. Blood test, X-ray of the chest and bronchoscopy can be performed to ascertain the presence of the disease.