Ovarian cancer is a fatal disease that affects a huge population of women across the globe. Women who have never been pregnant and those who have a family history of ovarian cancer are at a very high risk of developing this condition.
Ovarian cancer can be characterized by many evident signs like pain in the lower back, abdominal pain and persistent pelvic pain. The affected person will also experience a change in bowel habits and will also feel fatigued all the time.Apart from this there will also be heavy vaginal bleeding and a sudden and drastic change in the body weight. Once the condition of ovarian cancer is established, then you should begin the treatment process immediately.
The Effective Methods Of Treatment For Ovarian Cancer
Chemotherapy is another popular method of ovarian cancer treatment. This is the first step of treatment which is usually followed, once the cancer has been confirmed. This method makes use of drugs that decrease the growth rate of cancerous cells and destroys them. There are two types of chemotherapies which are used for the treatment for ovarian cancer.In the first method known as systemic chemotherapy, drugs are administered either orally or intravenously. In another method known as intraperitoneal chemotherapy, drugs are administered directly into the abdomen of the patient, using a catheter. The mode of administration of the drug will depend upon the severity of the condition.
Chemotherapy is usually done by using a combination of a platinum based drug and another drug namely paclitaxel. If the drug fails to eliminate the cancerous tissue completely, then the physician will administer another drug known as bevacizumab, which will lead to the shrinking of the cancerous cells.Chemotherapy comes along with many side effects like hair loss, nausea and extreme fatigue. However, these side effects can be taken care of by having proper medications and following a healthy lifestyle.
Radiation Therapy or radiotherapy is another commonly followed method of treatment for ovarian cancer . Here the cancer cells will be exposed to high intensity radiations, which will in turn lead to their destruction.This form of treatment is usually done over a period of 4 to 5 weeks, where the patient is exposed to small doses of radiations at a time. Each session of treatment may take from 5 to 10 minutes.Radiation therapy is usually used in conjunction with chemotherapy and is performed on patients who have advanced stages of ovarian cancer. Radiation therapy is also preferred for those who cannot undergo surgery due to problems like heart disorders and other chronic medical conditions.
Another method of ovarian cancer treatment is surgery. The type of surgery to be performed will depend on the severity of the condition and the areas affected with cancer.While some cases might require only the removal of ovaries, some others may also require the removal of the fallopian tubes and sometimes even the completer uterus. It is quite common for women to experience pain for a few days following the surgery. However, this side effect can be tackled easily by having pain killers.You should take care to have only the painkillers which prescribed by your doctor and should refrain from using over the counter pain killers, as it can lead to the development of grave issues. Along with the pain, one may also experience night sweats and hot flashes. This condition can last from a period of a few weeks to a couple of months.