One of the most typical and common problem associated with pregnancy is that of uterine fibroids. It is usually discovered when you undergo the initial ultrasound scans on the onset of pregnancy. The fibroids are usually large cells that can be tiny as well as huge mass of tissues in the uterus. In common language they are known as tumors of the uterus.
However, these tumorous cells are non-cancerous in nature and are generally harmless. In some cases they may cause some complications but most of the times; they do not have a negative impact on the delivery of a healthy baby.
What Are Uterine Fibroids And How Are They Formed:
Fibroids in the uterus or the uterine fibroids are large chunk of mass of tissue from the uterus itself that show an abnormal growth within the uterus.Sometimes they grow huge and often responsible for changing the shape of the uterus. The fibroids size may vary from a centimeter to even more than an inch. Sometimes they also grow in bunches and clusters whereas some of them are so small that they usually go unnoticed
Uterine fibroids are common and may be found in 60-80 percent of the women. They are usually diagnosed by feeling lumps in the uterus during a pelvic examination and can be later confirmed with an ultrasonography.These fibroids are formed when there is excess estrogen hormone in the body. Women who take birth control pills often suffer from this problem as it is high in estrogen.Sometimes, they vanish with the onset of menopause when estrogen level diminishes in the body. Most of these fibroids are totally harmless and need no special treatment or removal.
Complications Caused By Uterine Fibroids:
Though as mentioned earlier, most of the times these fibroids are harmless and may cause an occasional pelvic pain or uterine cramps and discomfort and sometimes bleeding too. But in some rare cases they may cause some major complications.
Fibroids pregnancy may result in a pre term labor or miscarriage sometimes. If the size of fibroids increases abnormally then it may obstruct the birth canal posing difficulties while delivering the baby.
In some other cases it is seen that fibroids when grow abnormally inside the uterus change the shape and occupy a lot of space inside, causing the fetus to take a distorted shape resulting in fetal malpresentation.
Treatment For Uterine Fibroids:
Uterine fibroids discovered during pregnancy are usually left untreated as the medications may hinder a smooth pregnancy. However, they are closely monitored throughout the pregnancy so that they do not create any complications. They may cause an occasional pain or uterine cramps often associated with early labor.
These fibroids usually decrease in size post- pregnancy. But if they don’t then various treatments are available to get rid of them. Usually medications are prescribed to shrink the size of the fibroids but if it doesn’t work then surgical removal is the only way out.
Hysterectomy and Myomectomy are the common surgical procedures to deal with the immediate removal of these tumors. 99 percent of the times these surgeries are successful in removing the fibroids. However, surgery is performed only in the severe cases of multiple fibroids and those that are huge in size and cannot be treated with medicines.