Varicose veins is a conditions where the valves in the veins do not function properly leading to the pooling and clotting of blood in the veins thereby making them appear blue or purple, contorted and swollen.
Mostly they do not cause much trouble but in some cases causes pain and gives the person an acute sense of burning. At time it may even itch especially if you have been standing all day long.
Women are more likely to develop varicose veins than men. Research even shows that approximately 40% of women in their pregnancy are found to suffer from it. They either develop it for the first time or if they are already affected by it then it tends to worsen during this phase. Varicose veins are more likely to appear in the later stages or the third trimester of pregnancy.
During pregnancy a woman experiences extreme hormonal changes especially the hormone- progesterone which relaxes the walls of veins, reducing elasticity are released in higher levels because of which the valves in the veins are not able to close properly leading to the flowing back of impure blood.
Also the amount of blood produced by a woman’s body tremendously increased during this time. But this blood is directed towards the nourishment of the womb thereby decreasing the amount of blood flowing from the legs to the pelvis. This leads to the blood in our legs not being able to be sent back to the heart and lungs to be mixed with oxygen with efficiency. This leads to the swelling of veins i.e. varicose veins.
Your genes too are responsible for it. If your relatives are affected with this condition it already makes you prone to it and with the onset of pregnancy you are doubly susceptible. A combination of various other factors like multiple births, you being overweight and standing for long hours too make you more liable.
The good news is that varicose veins occurring in such condition fade off the same way after about 3 to 4 months of delivery but it mostly comes back with every succeeding pregnancy and earlier than it did during the earlier pregnancy and with each following pregnancy they may become more noticeable.
Consult your doctor if you feel that you are suffering from Varicose Veins during pregnancy.