What are Vitamins
Our body requires some nutrients for a healthy growth and Vitamins are one of those essential nutrients that are required for normal functioning of different organs and tissues in the body.
Our body mainly needs 13 types of vitamins: Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, and B vitamins (thiamine B1, riboflavin B2, niacin B3, pantothenic acid B5, biotin B7, B6, B12 and folate B9).
Role of Vitamins
Vitamins play a key role in facilitating various functions of the body such as maintaining effective eyesight, strengthening bones, as well as speeding-up metabolism.
Why do we need Vitamin Supplements?
The best way to get the Vitamins is to eat a balanced diet and nutritious diet but in present day busy life, it is difficult to have a nutritious diet. Moreover, pollution, smoking habits, increased alcohol intake is weakening human immune system. This has created a need for intake of vitamin supplements for vitamin A, C, D and E.
Who particularly need Vitamins Supplements?
Though we all need vitamins but there are some people who need to take it as supplements. It includes:
People who are of 50 years or above, require vitamin B12 supplement.
Women who are planning to have child.
Dark skinned elderly people, or who lack vitamin D due to less exposure to sunlight need vitamin supplements (as fortified foods or supplements).
All these above mentioned people have high vitamin requirement which can be fulfilled through vitamin supplements but while taking vitamin supplements do not ignore the importance of balanced diet. Consult your doctor before starting vitamin supplements as these can have some side effects also.
Significance Of Vitamins And Their Sources
Vitamin A: It maintains good vision and prevents night blindness.
Source: Raw carrots, sweet potatoes and green leafy vegetables are rich in vitamin A.
Vitamin C: It fights cold and enforces strong teeth and health gums.
Source: Citrus fruits etc.
Vitamin D: It helps in strengthening of bones.
Source: Sunlight and egg yolk etc.
Vitamin E: It prevents cancers and health diseases.
Source: Grains, sunflower seeds, vegetable oil etc.
Vitamin K: It helps in blood clotting.
Source: Green leafy vegetables and fruits etc.
B Vitamins: These vitamins ensure an overall smooth functioning of all body systems like digestive system and circulatory along with the metabolism.
Source: Green leafy vegetables, egg yolk, milk etc.
Vitamins are essential nutrients that form a major component of our diet. Take a vitamin rich diet to stay healthy.