Anemia is a serious condition. In fact, it is the most common blood disorder. There are many different forms of anemia ranging in severity. Some are inherited, while others develop over time. If the anemia is severe and does not get treated right away, it can lead to other serious health conditions.
The best way to get treatment quickly is to know the severe anemia symptoms so you can watch for them. One of the most common severe anemia symptoms is chest pain. Anemia is caused by an inadequate amount of healthy red blood cells. The red blood cells carry an iron-rich substance known as hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is responsible for getting oxygen to the body’s organs and tissues. When there isn’t enough red blood cells the oxygen will not get to the organs. The heart will be working overtime to get the blood throughout the body, but it will not be getting enough oxygen. This can cause the chest pain. It can also lead to palpitations and irregular heartbeat. Another severe anemia symptoms is shortness of breath. The oxygen originates in the lungs. The lungs will be trying to distribute the oxygen to the blood cells, but with a decreased amount of cells it will become difficult.
Dizziness and lightheadedness are other severe anemia symptoms. They are caused by the lack of blood and oxygen to the brain. This can also lead to fainting spells or loss on consciousness. Low blood pressure is another severe anemia symptom. Labored breathing, jaundice, enlarged spleen and heart murmur are also severe anemia symptoms that may occur. In some serious cases, severe anemia can lead to a heart attack or angina.
Getting treatment is the best way to avoid severe anemia symptoms. If you notice any symptoms at all you should speak with you doctor about possible treatment options. You may just need to take an iron supplement, or change your diet to include more iron-rich foods. You may also need to supplement your oxygen intake by using an oxygen mask. In some severe cases, you may need to have a blood transfusion or a bone marrow transplant. However, doctors like to use those as a last resort and will try other treatment options first. Speaking with your doctor at the first onset of symptoms is the best way to treat the anemia and prevent symptoms from returning.